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Minerals 2017, 7(5), 72; doi:10.3390/min7050072

Resource and Reserve Calculation in Seam-Shaped Mineral Deposits; A New Approach: “The Pentahedral Method”

1
Department of Mines Research and Exploitation, Oviedo University, C/Independencia 13, E-33004 Oviedo, Spain
2
Department of Geology, Oviedo University, C/Arias de Velasco s/n, E-33005 Oviedo, Spain
3
SolMine SRL, Av/Ramón Castilla 272, Piura, 3P, D1 Peru
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Saeed Chehreh Chelgani
Received: 12 February 2017 / Revised: 30 April 2017 / Accepted: 5 May 2017 / Published: 10 May 2017

Abstract

In recent years, the introduction of specific software for the evaluation of geological resources and mineral reserves has increased significantly thanks to the use of block models capable of working with large databases and applicable to virtually all types of deposits. It is only in layered, tabular-shaped deposits where the use of block models poses certain drawbacks, not only in terms of visual representation but also during the process of interpolation. Other calculation methods for tabular bodies such as sections, polygons, and triangles work with 2D projections but not with 3D. The “Pentahedral” method described here is undoubtedly an innovative method that allows work to always be conducted in 3D, providing a fairly accurate representation of tabular bodies and making it possible to carry out calculations of resources and reserves using any interpolation method. It is demonstrated with figures and tables of the Carlés mineral deposit, a well-developed exoskarn gold deposit in northwestern Spain (Asturias) where the authors have worked extensively. The pentahedral method takes into account not only geological and stratigraphic data from the model interpolation, but also mining concepts such as “minimum thickness,” related to the minimum seam size that can be economically and technically mined, and “overbreak,” related to the dilution effect that appears during the mining process due to over-excavation. View Full-Text
Keywords: tabular body; interpolation; pentahedral method; mineral deposit; mineral resources; mineral reserves tabular body; interpolation; pentahedral method; mineral deposit; mineral resources; mineral reserves
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Castañón, C.; Arias, D.; Diego, I.; Martin-Izard, A.; Ruiz, Y. Resource and Reserve Calculation in Seam-Shaped Mineral Deposits; A New Approach: “The Pentahedral Method”. Minerals 2017, 7, 72.

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