Heating Changes Bio-Schwertmannite Microstructure and Arsenic(III) Removal Efficiency
AbstractSchwertmannite (Sch) is an efficient adsorbent for arsenic(III) removal from arsenic(III)-contaminated groundwater. In this study, bio-schertmannite was synthesized in the presence of dissolved ferrous ions and Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans LX5 in a culture media. Bio-synthesized Sch characteristics, such as total organic carbon (TOC), morphology, chemical functional groups, mineral phase, specific surface area, and pore volume were systematically studied after it was dried at 105 °C and then heated at 250–550 °C. Differences in arsenic(III) removal efficiency between 105 °C dried-sch and 250–550 °C heated-sch also were investigated. The results showed that total organic carbon content in Sch and Sch weight gradually decreased when temperature increased from 105 °C to 350 °C. Sch partly transformed to another nanocrystalline or amorphous phase above 350 °C. The specific surface area of 250 °C heated-sch was 110.06 m2/g compared to 5.14 m2/g for the 105 °C dried-sch. Total pore volume of 105 °C dried-sch was 0.025 cm3/g with 32.0% mesopore and 68.0% macropore. However, total pore volume of 250 °C heated-mineral was 0.106 cm3/g with 23.6% micropore, 33.0% mesopore, and 43.4% macropore. The arsenic(III) removal efficiency from an initial 1 mg/L arsenic(III) solution (pH 7.5) was 25.1% when 0.25 g/L of 105 °C dried-sch was used as adsorbent. However, this efficiency increased to 93.0% when using 250 °C heated-sch as adsorbent. Finally, the highest efficiency for arsenic(III) removal was obtained with sch-250 °C due to high amounts of sorption sites in agreement with the high specific surface area (SSA) obtained for this sample. View Full-Text
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Qiao, X.; Liu, L.; Shi, J.; Zhou, L.; Guo, Y.; Ge, Y.; Fan, W.; Liu, F. Heating Changes Bio-Schwertmannite Microstructure and Arsenic(III) Removal Efficiency. Minerals 2017, 7, 9.
Qiao X, Liu L, Shi J, Zhou L, Guo Y, Ge Y, Fan W, Liu F. Heating Changes Bio-Schwertmannite Microstructure and Arsenic(III) Removal Efficiency. Minerals. 2017; 7(1):9.Chicago/Turabian Style
Qiao, Xingxing; Liu, Lanlan; Shi, Jing; Zhou, Lixiang; Guo, Yanhan; Ge, Yuanying; Fan, Wenhua; Liu, Fenwu. 2017. "Heating Changes Bio-Schwertmannite Microstructure and Arsenic(III) Removal Efficiency." Minerals 7, no. 1: 9.
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