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Minerals 2016, 6(3), 83; doi:10.3390/min6030083

Kinetics and Mechanisms of Chalcopyrite Dissolution at Controlled Redox Potential of 750 mV in Sulfuric Acid Solution

1
School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
2
Natural and Built Environments Research Centre, School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, Australia
3
Blue Minerals Consultancy, 13 Mill Terrace, Middleton, SA 5213, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Karen Hudson-Edwards
Received: 18 June 2016 / Revised: 21 July 2016 / Accepted: 30 July 2016 / Published: 10 August 2016
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Abstract

To better understand chalcopyrite leach mechanisms and kinetics, for improved Cu extraction during hydrometallurgical processing, chalcopyrite leaching has been conducted at solution redox potential 750 mV, 35–75 °C, and pH 1.0 with and without aqueous iron addition, and pH 1.5 and 2.0 without aqueous iron addition. The activation energy (Ea) values derived indicate chalcopyrite dissolution is initially surface chemical reaction controlled, which is associated with the activities of Fe3+ and H+ with reaction orders of 0.12 and −0.28, respectively. A surface diffusion controlled mechanism is proposed for the later leaching stage with correspondingly low Ea values. Surface analyses indicate surface products (predominantly Sn2− and S0) did not inhibit chalcopyrite dissolution, consistent with the increased surface area normalised leach rate during the later stage. The addition of aqueous iron plays an important role in accelerating Cu leaching rates, especially at lower temperature, primarily by reducing the length of time of the initial surface chemical reaction controlled stage. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chalcopyrite; kinetics; mechanism; XPS; surface chemical reaction Chalcopyrite; kinetics; mechanism; XPS; surface chemical reaction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, Y.; Wei, Z.; Qian, G.; Li, J.; Gerson, A.R. Kinetics and Mechanisms of Chalcopyrite Dissolution at Controlled Redox Potential of 750 mV in Sulfuric Acid Solution. Minerals 2016, 6, 83.

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