Minerals 2013, 3(1), 49-58; doi:10.3390/min3010049
Article

A New Direction for Biomining: Extraction of Metals by Reductive Dissolution of Oxidized Ores

College of Natural Sciences, Bangor University, Deiniol Road, Bangor LL57 2UW, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 November 2012; in revised form: 11 January 2013 / Accepted: 22 January 2013 / Published: 30 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Mineral Processing)
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Abstract: Biomining, the biotechnology that uses microorganisms to extract metals from ores and concentrates, is currently used exclusively for processing reduced ores and mine wastes. Metals of economic value also occur extensively in oxidized ores, such as nickel laterites. While these are not amenable to oxidative dissolution, the ferric iron minerals they contain can, in theory, be disrupted by iron reduction, causing associated metals to be released. We have harnessed the ability of the facultatively anaerobic, acidophilic bacterium Acidithiobacillus ferroooxidans to couple the oxidation of elemental sulphur to the reduction of ferric iron in the goethite fraction of a limonitic nickel ore at 30 °C. Nickel and other metals (Co, Cr and Mn) were effectively solubilised and maintained in solution due to the low pH (1.8) of the leach liquor. The results highlight the potential for the bioprocessing of oxidized, iron-rich ores using an approach that is energy-saving and environmentally-benign compared with metallurgical processes currently applied to the extraction of Ni from lateritic ores.
Keywords: oxide ores; bacteria; bioleaching; metal recovery; reduction

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MDPI and ACS Style

Johnson, D.B.; Grail, B.M.; Hallberg, K.B. A New Direction for Biomining: Extraction of Metals by Reductive Dissolution of Oxidized Ores. Minerals 2013, 3, 49-58.

AMA Style

Johnson DB, Grail BM, Hallberg KB. A New Direction for Biomining: Extraction of Metals by Reductive Dissolution of Oxidized Ores. Minerals. 2013; 3(1):49-58.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Johnson, D. B.; Grail, Barry M.; Hallberg, Kevin B. 2013. "A New Direction for Biomining: Extraction of Metals by Reductive Dissolution of Oxidized Ores." Minerals 3, no. 1: 49-58.

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