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Minerals 2012, 2(4), 300-317; doi:10.3390/min2040300
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Geological, Mineralogical and Geochemical Aspects for Critical and Rare Metals in Greece

1,*  and 2
Received: 4 September 2012 / Revised: 9 October 2012 / Accepted: 10 October 2012 / Published: 19 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Economic Minerals)
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Abstract

The European Union (EU) is highly dependent on critical and rare metals which are very important for a sustainable development. However, European industry is not able to cover its demands from native sources and it imports commodities from third countries. Greece is one of the EU countries with the most potential for supplying these strategic metallic raw materials in the future, since it hosts a large number of ore deposits. The epithermal- and porphyry-type deposits and the reduced intrusion related systems of the Serbomacedonian and the Rhodope metallogenic provinces in Northeastern Greece are promising targets for a future exploitation and exploration in Sb, Te, Mo, Re, Ga, In, REE and PGE. Greece is the leading producer of Ni and Al in the EU from laterites and bauxites of central and northern Greece. These deposits also contain significant amounts of Co or REE which should be considered in the future plans of the processing industries. REE are found in high contents at the placer deposits between Chalkidiki and Kavala (North Greece) and elevated PGE concentrations are associated with the chromitites of northwestern Greece. Therefore, the mineral wealth of Greece can contribute significantly to a sustainable and a competitive economy of Europe.
Keywords: critical metals; rare metals; rare earth elements; sustainable development; Greece critical metals; rare metals; rare earth elements; sustainable development; Greece
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Melfos, V.; Voudouris, P.C. Geological, Mineralogical and Geochemical Aspects for Critical and Rare Metals in Greece. Minerals 2012, 2, 300-317.

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