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Geological, Mineralogical and Geochemical Aspects for Critical and Rare Metals in Greece
Department of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece
Department of Mineralogy-Petrology, University of Athens, Athens 15784, Greece
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 September 2012; in revised form: 9 October 2012 / Accepted: 10 October 2012 / Published: 19 October 2012
Abstract: The European Union (EU) is highly dependent on critical and rare metals which are very important for a sustainable development. However, European industry is not able to cover its demands from native sources and it imports commodities from third countries. Greece is one of the EU countries with the most potential for supplying these strategic metallic raw materials in the future, since it hosts a large number of ore deposits. The epithermal- and porphyry-type deposits and the reduced intrusion related systems of the Serbomacedonian and the Rhodope metallogenic provinces in Northeastern Greece are promising targets for a future exploitation and exploration in Sb, Te, Mo, Re, Ga, In, REE and PGE. Greece is the leading producer of Ni and Al in the EU from laterites and bauxites of central and northern Greece. These deposits also contain significant amounts of Co or REE which should be considered in the future plans of the processing industries. REE are found in high contents at the placer deposits between Chalkidiki and Kavala (North Greece) and elevated PGE concentrations are associated with the chromitites of northwestern Greece. Therefore, the mineral wealth of Greece can contribute significantly to a sustainable and a competitive economy of Europe.
Keywords: critical metals; rare metals; rare earth elements; sustainable development; Greece
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MDPI and ACS Style
Melfos, V.; Voudouris, P.C. Geological, Mineralogical and Geochemical Aspects for Critical and Rare Metals in Greece. Minerals 2012, 2, 300-317.
Melfos V, Voudouris PC. Geological, Mineralogical and Geochemical Aspects for Critical and Rare Metals in Greece. Minerals. 2012; 2(4):300-317.
Melfos, Vasilios; Voudouris, Panagiotis Ch. 2012. "Geological, Mineralogical and Geochemical Aspects for Critical and Rare Metals in Greece." Minerals 2, no. 4: 300-317.