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Symmetry 2014, 6(2), 329-344; doi:10.3390/sym6020329
Article

Closed-Form Expressions for the Matrix Exponential

Received: 28 February 2014; in revised form: 16 April 2014 / Accepted: 17 April 2014 / Published: 29 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physics based on Two-by-two Matrices)
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Abstract: We discuss a method to obtain closed-form expressions of f(A), where f is an analytic function and A a square, diagonalizable matrix. The method exploits the Cayley–Hamilton theorem and has been previously reported using tools that are perhaps not sufficiently appealing to physicists. Here, we derive the results on which the method is based by using tools most commonly employed by physicists. We show the advantages of the method in comparison with standard approaches, especially when dealing with the exponential of low-dimensional matrices. In contrast to other approaches that require, e.g., solving differential equations, the present method only requires the construction of the inverse of the Vandermonde matrix. We show the advantages of the method by applying it to different cases, mostly restricting the calculational effort to the handling of two-by-two matrices.
Keywords: matrix exponential; Cayley–Hamilton theorem; two-by-two representations; Vandermonde matrices matrix exponential; Cayley–Hamilton theorem; two-by-two representations; Vandermonde matrices
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

De Zela, F. Closed-Form Expressions for the Matrix Exponential. Symmetry 2014, 6, 329-344.

AMA Style

De Zela F. Closed-Form Expressions for the Matrix Exponential. Symmetry. 2014; 6(2):329-344.

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Zela, F. 2014. "Closed-Form Expressions for the Matrix Exponential." Symmetry 6, no. 2: 329-344.


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