Next Article in Journal
Asymmetry and Symmetry in the Beauty of Human Faces
Next Article in Special Issue
Hartee Fock Symmetry Breaking Effects in La2CuO4: Hints for connecting the Mott and Slater Pictures and Pseudogap Prediction
Previous Article in Journal
Symmetries and (Related) Recursion Operators of Linear Evolution Equations
Previous Article in Special Issue
Systems with Symmetry Breaking and Restoration
Symmetry 2010, 2(1), 112-135; doi:10.3390/sym2010112
Review

Chiral Symmetry Breaking Phenomenon Caused by a Phase Transition

* ,
 and
Received: 30 December 2009 / Revised: 9 February 2010 / Accepted: 15 February 2010 / Published: 17 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry Breaking Phenomena)
Download PDF [2513 KB, uploaded 17 February 2010]

Abstract

We report the mechanism and scope of “preferential enrichment”, which is an unusual symmetry-breaking enantiomeric resolution phenomenon that is initiated by the solvent-assisted solid-to-solid transformation of a metastable polymorphic form into a thermodynamically stable one during crystallization from the supersaturated solution of certain kinds of racemic mixed crystals (i.e., solid solutions or pseudoracemates) composed of two enantiomers. The mechanism can well be interpreted in terms of a symmetrybreaking complexity phenomenon involving multistage processes that affect each other.
Keywords: preferential enrichment; enantiomeric resolution; optical resolution; chiral separation; polymorphic transition; epitaxial transition; mixed crystal preferential enrichment; enantiomeric resolution; optical resolution; chiral separation; polymorphic transition; epitaxial transition; mixed crystal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Tamura, R.; Iwama, S.; Takahashi, H. Chiral Symmetry Breaking Phenomenon Caused by a Phase Transition. Symmetry 2010, 2, 112-135.

View more citation formats

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

Cited By

[Return to top]
Symmetry EISSN 2073-8994 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert