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Symmetry 2010, 2(1), 112-135; doi:10.3390/sym2010112
Review

Chiral Symmetry Breaking Phenomenon Caused by a Phase Transition

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Received: 30 December 2009; in revised form: 9 February 2010 / Accepted: 15 February 2010 / Published: 17 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symmetry Breaking Phenomena)
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Abstract: We report the mechanism and scope of “preferential enrichment”, which is an unusual symmetry-breaking enantiomeric resolution phenomenon that is initiated by the solvent-assisted solid-to-solid transformation of a metastable polymorphic form into a thermodynamically stable one during crystallization from the supersaturated solution of certain kinds of racemic mixed crystals (i.e., solid solutions or pseudoracemates) composed of two enantiomers. The mechanism can well be interpreted in terms of a symmetrybreaking complexity phenomenon involving multistage processes that affect each other.
Keywords: preferential enrichment; enantiomeric resolution; optical resolution; chiral separation; polymorphic transition; epitaxial transition; mixed crystal preferential enrichment; enantiomeric resolution; optical resolution; chiral separation; polymorphic transition; epitaxial transition; mixed crystal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tamura, R.; Iwama, S.; Takahashi, H. Chiral Symmetry Breaking Phenomenon Caused by a Phase Transition. Symmetry 2010, 2, 112-135.

AMA Style

Tamura R, Iwama S, Takahashi H. Chiral Symmetry Breaking Phenomenon Caused by a Phase Transition. Symmetry. 2010; 2(1):112-135.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tamura, Rui; Iwama, Sekai; Takahashi, Hiroki. 2010. "Chiral Symmetry Breaking Phenomenon Caused by a Phase Transition." Symmetry 2, no. 1: 112-135.


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