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Symmetry 2018, 10(9), 394; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym10090394

Products and Mechanistic Investigations on the Reactions of Hydrazines with Ozone in Gas-Phase

1
High-Tech Institute of Xi’an, Xi’an 710025, China
2
High-Tech Institute of Beijing, Beijing 10085, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 5 September 2018 / Accepted: 6 September 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
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Abstract

The toxic transformation products of hydrazines are of great concern. These products’ properties combined with their formation mechanisms are needed to assess their potential environmental and human impacts. In this study, the gas-phase reaction of hydrazine (N2H4), monomethyldrazine (MMH) and unsymmetrical dimethyhydrazine (UDMH) with O3 have been studied at varying reactant ratios, both in the presence and absence of a radical trap. Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) has been implied to follow reactant consumption and product formation. Apart from the reported products detected by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), the newly found compounds (hydrazones, formamides, dimethylamine, 1,1,4,4-tetramethyl-1,2-tetrazene,dimethylamino-acetonitrile, N2, H2O, et al.) are identified by GC-MS. The relative yields of the organic products vary considerably at different O3/MMH or UDMH ratios. UDMH and MMH are confirmed as high potential precursors of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA). The presence of hydroxyl radicals (HO·) hinders NDMA formation in MMH-O3 system. Meanwhile, it increases NDMA formation in UDMH-O3 system. The suggested reaction mechanisms which account for the observed products are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrazines; ozone; products; mechanism hydrazines; ozone; products; mechanism
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Huang, D.; Liu, X.; Xie, Z.; Wang, X.; Gao, X.; Yang, Y. Products and Mechanistic Investigations on the Reactions of Hydrazines with Ozone in Gas-Phase. Symmetry 2018, 10, 394.

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