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Antibodies 2015, 4(1), 48-70; doi:10.3390/antib4010048

Targeting sTNF/TNFR1 Signaling as a New Therapeutic Strategy

Institute of Cell Biology and Immunology, University of Stuttgart, Allmandring 31, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
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Academic Editor: Dimiter S. Dimitrov
Received: 29 January 2015 / Revised: 23 February 2015 / Accepted: 27 February 2015 / Published: 6 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue TNF in the Regulation of Immune Cells)
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Abstract

Deregulation of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) plays an important role in the initiation and perpetuation of chronic inflammation and has been implicated in the development of various autoimmune diseases. Accordingly, TNF-inhibitors are successfully used for the treatment of several diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and psoriasis. However, total inhibition of TNF can cause severe side effects such as an increased risk of inflammation and reactivation of tuberculosis. This is likely due to the different actions of the two TNF receptors. Whereas TNFR1 predominantly promotes inflammatory signaling pathways, TNFR2 mediates immune modulatory functions and promotes tissue homeostasis and regeneration. Therefore, the specific blockage of TNFR1 signaling, either by direct inhibition with TNFR1-selective antagonists or by targeting soluble TNF, which predominantly activates TNFR1, may prevent the detrimental effects associated with total TNF-inhibitors and constitute a next-generation approach to interfere with TNF. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibodies; autoimmune diseases; inflammation; neurodegeneration; TNF; TNF receptors antibodies; autoimmune diseases; inflammation; neurodegeneration; TNF; TNF receptors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fischer, R.; Kontermann, R.E.; Maier, O. Targeting sTNF/TNFR1 Signaling as a New Therapeutic Strategy. Antibodies 2015, 4, 48-70.

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