Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Antibodies 2013, 2(1), 50-65; doi:10.3390/antib2010050
Article

Dissecting the Entry Route of Saporin-based a-CD7 Immunotoxins in Human T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia Cells

1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 4,*  and 1,*
Received: 26 November 2012; in revised form: 31 December 2012 / Accepted: 7 January 2013 / Published: 16 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recombinant Immunotoxins)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [457 KB, uploaded 16 January 2013]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Elucidating the intracellular fate(s) of targeted toxins is of fundamental importance for their optimal use as anticancer drugs, since the biochemical targets of their enzymatic activity reside in the cell cytoplasm, as in the case of the plant ribosome inactivating proteins (RIP) saporin, ricin and of bacterial toxins. In this paper, we compared the cell surface binding and cytotoxic properties of the model RIP ricin to an immunotoxin constructed with a monoclonal antibody directed against the human T-cell marker CD7 covalently linked to saporin (CD7-SAP). Our results indicate that, despite the fact that internalization takes place via an apparently common entry route leading to the Golgi complex, surprisingly, the addition of an endoplasmic reticulum retrieval C-terminal signal (KDEL) to CD7-SAP does not potentiate its cytotoxicity. In addition, while ricin toxicity is clearly reduced by Brefeldin A under conditions where this fungal metabolite causes Golgi stack disruption, we paradoxically observed a potentiating effect by Brefeldin A on CD7-SAP cytotoxicity suggesting that this inhibitor interferes with retrograde route(s) other than the well established Trans-Golgi Network-ER retrograde route.
Keywords: endocytosis; immunotoxin; ricin; Brefeldin A; leukaemia cells endocytosis; immunotoxin; ricin; Brefeldin A; leukaemia cells
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Giansanti, F.; Giordani, V.; Vago, R.; Flavell, D.J.; Flavell, S.U.; Fabbrini, M.S.; Ippoliti, R. Dissecting the Entry Route of Saporin-based a-CD7 Immunotoxins in Human T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia Cells. Antibodies 2013, 2, 50-65.

AMA Style

Giansanti F, Giordani V, Vago R, Flavell DJ, Flavell SU, Fabbrini MS, Ippoliti R. Dissecting the Entry Route of Saporin-based a-CD7 Immunotoxins in Human T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia Cells. Antibodies. 2013; 2(1):50-65.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Giansanti, Francesco; Giordani, Valeria; Vago, Riccardo; Flavell, David J.; Flavell, Sopsamorn U.; Fabbrini, Maria S.; Ippoliti, Rodolfo. 2013. "Dissecting the Entry Route of Saporin-based a-CD7 Immunotoxins in Human T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia Cells." Antibodies 2, no. 1: 50-65.

Antibodies EISSN 2073-4468 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert