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Land Use Changes in Iberian Peninsula 1990–2012

Land laboratory (LaboraTe), Department of Agricultural and Forest Engineering, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Received: 8 June 2018 / Revised: 3 August 2018 / Accepted: 19 August 2018 / Published: 20 August 2018
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Abstract

This work aims to provide a comprehensive, wall-to-wall analysis of land use/cover changes in the continental areas of Portugal and Spain between 1990 and 2012. This overall objective is developed into two main research questions: (1) Whether differences between the extent and prevalence of changes exist between both countries and (2) which are the hotspots of change (areas where a given land use/cover transition dominates the landscape) in each country. We used Corine Land Cover in three different points in time (1990, 2000, 2012) to explore eight characteristic land cover transitions and carried out a cluster analysis at LAU2 level (municipalities in Spain, parishes in Portugal) that allowed to identify the areas in which each transition was dominant. The main findings include the decline of agricultural area and the increase of urbanized and artificial covers in both countries, but different trends followed by forest cover, with an increase in Spain and a decrease in Portugal. At the same time, the spatial analysis provided an overview of the main gradients of change related to tensions between agricultural intensification–extensification, on the one hand, and deforestation–afforestation, on the other. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use/cover change; Corine Land Cover; Iberian Peninsula; cluster analysis; intensification; afforestation; extensification; urbanization; afforestation; deforestation land use/cover change; Corine Land Cover; Iberian Peninsula; cluster analysis; intensification; afforestation; extensification; urbanization; afforestation; deforestation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Fernández-Nogueira, D.; Corbelle-Rico, E. Land Use Changes in Iberian Peninsula 1990–2012. Land 2018, 7, 99.

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