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Land 2017, 6(3), 49; doi:10.3390/land6030049

Scenarios of Vegetable Demand vs. Production in Brazil: The Links between Nutritional Security and Small Farming

1
Earth System Science Centre (CCST), National Institute for Space Research (INPE), São José dos Campos 12227, Brazil
2
Department of Geography, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre 4314902, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 June 2017 / Revised: 14 July 2017 / Accepted: 21 July 2017 / Published: 25 July 2017
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Abstract

Dietary guidelines urge Brazilians to increase their consumption of raw vegetables. Yet key issues must be tackled by the government and civil society, not only to foster consumers’ appetite for healthier food, but more importantly to diminish the gaps between local demand and production, determined by food and land accessibility. We examine whether vegetable production in Brazil meets the demand to provide Brazilians the daily amount of fresh food recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). We developed demand scenarios in Brazil for 2008 and 2030, based on demand density maps built at the district level using production census surveys, household acquisition data, and population growth estimates. Results reveal an inherent inequality in vegetable consumption between the southern and central northern regions of Brazil that follows food insecurity regional indicators. Even in more urbanized regions and metropolitan areas, where the best balance between vegetable production and acquisition is found, simulated demand is far from WHO recommendations. A complementary discussion regarding land distribution and fresh food production supports our outlook on the weaknesses of existing rural policies for land reform and sustainable local fresh food production that directly affect demand and nutritional security. This work was the foundation to the Delivering Food Security on Limited Land (DEVIL) project in Brazil supported by Belmont Forum consortium. View Full-Text
Keywords: food security; Brazil; density map; vegetable demand; vegetable production; small farming; household budget survey food security; Brazil; density map; vegetable demand; vegetable production; small farming; household budget survey
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nolasco, C.L.; Soler, L.S.; Freitas, M.W.D.; Lahsen, M.; Ometto, J.P.H.B. Scenarios of Vegetable Demand vs. Production in Brazil: The Links between Nutritional Security and Small Farming. Land 2017, 6, 49.

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