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Land 2017, 6(1), 4; doi:10.3390/land6010004

Analysis of Vegetation Phytosociological Characteristics and Soil Physico-Chemical Conditions in Harishin Rangelands of Eastern Ethiopia

Rangeland Ecology and Biodiversity Department, School of Animal and Rangeland Science, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, 251-138 Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Academic Editor: Navin Ramankutty
Received: 6 September 2016 / Revised: 2 December 2016 / Accepted: 22 December 2016 / Published: 10 January 2017
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Abstract

The objective of this study is to analyse the phytodiversity, distribution, herb biomass and physico-chemical conditions of the vegetation system in the context of communal continuous open grazing and enclosed grazing management practices in the Harishin rangelands of Eastern Ethiopia. A total of 58 herbaceous species and 11 woody species were recorded in the study area. Analysis of Importance Value Index for two management practices was represented by different combinations of species with varied dominance. The herbs’ diversity–dominance curve revealed a lognormal distribution in both managements practices. The overview of distribution patterns for most of the species layer showed contiguous growth and a clumped distribution pattern. Species diversity, richness, herb biomass, basal cover and soil physico-chemical attributes showed a distinct separation in relation to grazing management practices. Based on the findings, one can conclude that the establishment of enclosures has a positive impact in restoring rangeland vegetation diversity, distribution, in increasing herb productivity and in boosting soil fertility. View Full-Text
Keywords: herbaceous species; vegetation phytodiversity; soil physico-chemical attributes; woody species; species distribution patterns; enclosures; grazing management practices herbaceous species; vegetation phytodiversity; soil physico-chemical attributes; woody species; species distribution patterns; enclosures; grazing management practices
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hailu, H. Analysis of Vegetation Phytosociological Characteristics and Soil Physico-Chemical Conditions in Harishin Rangelands of Eastern Ethiopia. Land 2017, 6, 4.

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