Next Article in Journal
Fluid Waters and Rigid Livelihoods in the Okavango Delta of Botswana
Previous Article in Journal
Sustainability of Land Groups in Papua New Guinea
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Land 2016, 5(2), 15; doi:10.3390/land5020015

Ecosystem Service Changes and Livelihood Impacts in the Maguri-Motapung Wetlands of Assam, India

1
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Post Box 3226, 44703 Kathmandu, Nepal
2
Department of Geography and Planning, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
3
Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), P.O. Box 0113, BOCBD, Bogor 16000, Indonesia
4
School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Carlton, VIC 3010, Australia
5
Aaranyak, Beltola, Guwahati-781 028, Assam, India
6
Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road, Nathan, Brisbane, QLD 4111, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrew Millington and Peter Verburg
Received: 29 September 2015 / Revised: 9 May 2016 / Accepted: 23 May 2016 / Published: 3 June 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3320 KB, uploaded 8 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

Wetlands provide a diverse range of ecosystem services supporting livelihoods of many people. Despite their value, wetlands are continuously being degraded. There is scant information on individual wetlands, people’s dependency and their exploitation at a local scale. We therefore assessed wetland ecosystem services, the drivers of change and impacts of those drivers on ecosystem services and people’s dependency through a case study of the Maguri-Motapung Beel wetlands of Assam, India. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected through household surveys, focus group discussions, key informant interviews and community workshops. The analyses showed a total of 29 ecosystem services, and high dependency on these with five out of seven livelihood strategies sourced from ecosystem services. Over-exploitation of wetland resources and siltation were reported as the major direct drivers of change with impacts on both ecosystem services and people’s livelihoods. Drastic decreases in availability of thatch, fish stocks, fodder and tourism were observed. This suggests that there is an urgent need for a comprehensive participatory management plan. Actions are needed to maintain the Maguri-Motapung Beel wetlands and the flow of services in order to sustain people’s livelihoods in the area. With an estimated 50% global loss of wetlands in the last century and the loss of 5,000 square kilometers a year in Asia alone, the loss of ecosystem services and livelihood impacts shown in our study may be typical of what is occurring in the region and perhaps globally. View Full-Text
Keywords: wetland; ecosystem services; drivers of change; dependency; impacts wetland; ecosystem services; drivers of change; dependency; impacts
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bhatta, L.D.; Chaudhary, S.; Pandit, A.; Baral, H.; Das, P.J.; Stork, N.E. Ecosystem Service Changes and Livelihood Impacts in the Maguri-Motapung Wetlands of Assam, India. Land 2016, 5, 15.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Land EISSN 2073-445X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top