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Land 2014, 3(3), 639-657; doi:10.3390/land3030639
Article

Impacts of Logging Road Networks on Dung Beetles and Small Mammals in a Malaysian Production Forest: Implications for Biodiversity Safeguards

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Received: 11 March 2014; in revised form: 23 June 2014 / Accepted: 23 June 2014 / Published: 2 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Emission Reductions and Removals in Tropical Forests)
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Abstract: Various international bodies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have proposed guidelines for safeguarding biodiversity. Nevertheless, quantitative criteria for safeguarding biodiversity should first be established to measure the attainment of biodiversity conservation if biodiversity is to be safeguarded effectively. We conducted research on the impact of logging on biodiversity of dung beetles and small mammals in a production forest in Temengor Forest Reserve, Perak, Malaysia. This was done to develop such quantitative criteria for Malaysian production forests while paying special attention to the effects of road networks, such as skid trails, logging roads, and log yards, on biodiversity. Species assemblages of dung beetles as well as small mammals along and adjacent to road networks were significantly different from those in forest interiors. Therefore, minimizing the road network density will contribute to retaining biodiversity; this will allow us to use road network density as a quantitative criterion for safeguarding biodiversity in production forests. Additionally, road network density is easily measurable and verifiable by remote sensing, which enables us to check the implementation of the criteria.
Keywords: biodiversity conservation; dung beetle; REDD+; selective logging; small mammal; tropical rain forest; tropical silviculture biodiversity conservation; dung beetle; REDD+; selective logging; small mammal; tropical rain forest; tropical silviculture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yamada, T.; Niino, M.; Yoshida, S.; Hosaka, T.; Okuda, T. Impacts of Logging Road Networks on Dung Beetles and Small Mammals in a Malaysian Production Forest: Implications for Biodiversity Safeguards. Land 2014, 3, 639-657.

AMA Style

Yamada T, Niino M, Yoshida S, Hosaka T, Okuda T. Impacts of Logging Road Networks on Dung Beetles and Small Mammals in a Malaysian Production Forest: Implications for Biodiversity Safeguards. Land. 2014; 3(3):639-657.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yamada, Toshihiro; Niino, Masahiro; Yoshida, Satoru; Hosaka, Tetsuro; Okuda, Toshinori. 2014. "Impacts of Logging Road Networks on Dung Beetles and Small Mammals in a Malaysian Production Forest: Implications for Biodiversity Safeguards." Land 3, no. 3: 639-657.

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