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Land 2014, 3(3), 639-657; doi:10.3390/land3030639

Impacts of Logging Road Networks on Dung Beetles and Small Mammals in a Malaysian Production Forest: Implications for Biodiversity Safeguards

1
Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima City 739-8521, Japan
2
Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji 192-0397, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 March 2014 / Revised: 23 June 2014 / Accepted: 23 June 2014 / Published: 2 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Emission Reductions and Removals in Tropical Forests)
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Abstract

Various international bodies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have proposed guidelines for safeguarding biodiversity. Nevertheless, quantitative criteria for safeguarding biodiversity should first be established to measure the attainment of biodiversity conservation if biodiversity is to be safeguarded effectively. We conducted research on the impact of logging on biodiversity of dung beetles and small mammals in a production forest in Temengor Forest Reserve, Perak, Malaysia. This was done to develop such quantitative criteria for Malaysian production forests while paying special attention to the effects of road networks, such as skid trails, logging roads, and log yards, on biodiversity. Species assemblages of dung beetles as well as small mammals along and adjacent to road networks were significantly different from those in forest interiors. Therefore, minimizing the road network density will contribute to retaining biodiversity; this will allow us to use road network density as a quantitative criterion for safeguarding biodiversity in production forests. Additionally, road network density is easily measurable and verifiable by remote sensing, which enables us to check the implementation of the criteria.
Keywords: biodiversity conservation; dung beetle; REDD+; selective logging; small mammal; tropical rain forest; tropical silviculture biodiversity conservation; dung beetle; REDD+; selective logging; small mammal; tropical rain forest; tropical silviculture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yamada, T.; Niino, M.; Yoshida, S.; Hosaka, T.; Okuda, T. Impacts of Logging Road Networks on Dung Beetles and Small Mammals in a Malaysian Production Forest: Implications for Biodiversity Safeguards. Land 2014, 3, 639-657.

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