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Design and Interpretation of Intensity Analysis Illustrated by Land Change in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Graduate School of Geography, Clark University, Worcester, MA 10610, USA
Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan
Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, N9W9, Sapporo 064-8589, Japan
Japan Space Systems, 3-5-8 Shibakoen, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0011, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 May 2013; in revised form: 18 June 2013 / Accepted: 10 July 2013 / Published: 16 July 2013
Abstract: Intensity Analysis has become popular as a top-down hierarchical accounting framework to analyze differences among categories, such as changes in land categories over time. Some aspects of interpretation are straightforward, while other aspects require deeper thought. This article explains how to interpret Intensity Analysis with respect to four concepts. First, we illustrate how to analyze whether error could account for non-uniform changes. Second, we explore two types of the large dormant category phenomenon. Third, we show how results can be sensitive to the selection of the domain. Fourth, we explain how Intensity Analysis’ symmetric top-down hierarchy influences interpretation with respect to temporal processes, for which changes during a time interval influence the sizes of the categories at the final time, but not at the initial time. We illustrate these concepts by applying Intensity Analysis to changes during one time interval (2000–2004) in a part of Central Kalimantan for the land categories Forest, Bare and Grass.
Keywords: category; change; deforestation; error; Intensity Analysis; Kalimantan; land; matrix; Markov; transition
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Pontius, R.G., Jr.; Gao, Y.; Giner, N.M.; Kohyama, T.; Osaki, M.; Hirose, K. Design and Interpretation of Intensity Analysis Illustrated by Land Change in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Land 2013, 2, 351-369.
Pontius RG, Jr, Gao Y, Giner NM, Kohyama T, Osaki M, Hirose K. Design and Interpretation of Intensity Analysis Illustrated by Land Change in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Land. 2013; 2(3):351-369.
Pontius, Robert G., Jr.; Gao, Yan; Giner, Nicholas M.; Kohyama, Takashi; Osaki, Mitsuru; Hirose, Kazuyo. 2013. "Design and Interpretation of Intensity Analysis Illustrated by Land Change in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia." Land 2, no. 3: 351-369.