Next Article in Journal
The Linkages between Real Estate Tourism and Urban Sprawl in Majorca (Balearic Islands, Spain)
Next Article in Special Issue
Beyond Awareness and Self-Governance: Approaching Kavango Timber Users’ Real-Life Choices
Previous Article in Journal
Historical and Contemporary Geographic Data Reveal Complex Spatial and Temporal Responses of Vegetation to Climate and Land Stewardship
Previous Article in Special Issue
Multifunctional Rangeland in Southern Africa: Managing for Production, Conservation, and Resilience with Fire and Grazing
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Land 2013, 2(2), 225-251; doi:10.3390/land2020225

Local Perception of Risk to Livelihoods in the Semi-Arid Landscape of Southern Africa

1
Department of Geography, University of Florida, 3141 Turlington Hall P.O. Box 117315, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
2
Center for African Studies, University of Florida, 427 Grinter Hall P.O. Box 115560, Gainesville, FL 32611,USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 March 2013 / Revised: 3 May 2013 / Accepted: 6 May 2013 / Published: 15 May 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [735 KB, uploaded 15 May 2013]   |  

Abstract

The United Nations and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change deem many regions of southern Africa as vulnerable landscapes due to changing climatic regimes, ecological conditions, and low adaptive capacity. Typically in highly vulnerable regions, multiple livelihood strategies are employed to enable sustainable development. In Botswana, livelihood strategies have diversified over time to include tourism and other non-agricultural activities. While such diversification and development have been studied, little is known about how locals perceive livelihood risks. This article analyzes perceptions of risk through a risk hazards framework. During the summer of 2010, 330 surveys were completed within seven villages in northern Botswana and the Caprivi Strip of Namibia. During the survey respondents were asked to list the biggest threats/challenges to their livelihoods. Responses were grouped into categories of risk according to the capital assets on which livelihoods depend: natural, physical, financial, human, and social. A risk mapping procedure was utilized, for which indices of severity, incidence, and risk were calculated. It is hypothesized that people’s perception of risk is directly dependent on environmental conditions and employment status of the household. Results indicate that problems related to natural and financial assets are the greatest source of risk to livelihoods. Furthermore, flood, drought, and other measures of climate variability are perceived as influential, typically negatively, to livelihood strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: livelihoods; risk; Southern Africa; perception; vulnerability livelihoods; risk; Southern Africa; perception; vulnerability
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bunting, E.; Steele, J.; Keys, E.; Muyengwa, S.; Child, B.; Southworth, J. Local Perception of Risk to Livelihoods in the Semi-Arid Landscape of Southern Africa. Land 2013, 2, 225-251.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Land EISSN 2073-445X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top