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Atmosphere 2018, 9(7), 248; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9070248

Estimation of the Personal Deposited Dose of Particulate Matter and Particle-Bound Metals Using Data from Selected European Cities

1
School of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Chania 73100, Greece
2
Centro de Ciências e Tecnologias Nucleares, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Estrada Nacional 10, Km 139.7, 2695-066 Bobadela LRS, Portugal
3
Institute of Nuclear & Radiological Sciences & Technology, Energy & Safety, Environmental Radioactivity Lab, N.C.S.R. “Demokritos”, Agia Paraskevi, Athens 15310, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 June 2018 / Revised: 29 June 2018 / Accepted: 29 June 2018 / Published: 3 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Aerosols)
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Abstract

The present study focused on the estimation of the personal dose of airborne particles using an exposure dose model (ExDoM2). Input data from three European cities (Athens, Kuopio, Lisbon) were selected to implement the model that calculates the deposited dose and retention of particles in the respiratory tract, the mass transferred to the oesophagus and the absorption to blood as well as the dose for five particle-bound metals. Model results showed that after one day exposure higher deposited dose in the respiratory tract was obtained for Lisbon as a direct consequence of the higher PM concentration measured in this city. Moreover, the activity profile and the physical characteristics of the exposed subject had strong impact on the estimated deposited dose. Thus, light activity corresponded to higher deposited dose compared to no activity as well as an adult male exhibited higher dose, both findings associated with increased inhalation rate. Regarding the internal dose for particle-bound metals higher dose for four out of the five metals was obtained in lungs followed by the muscles for As, the gastrointestinal tract for Cr, the other tissues for Mn, the intestines for Cd and finally for Pb higher dose was found in bones and blood. View Full-Text
Keywords: internal dose; human exposure; PM concentration; particle-bound metals internal dose; human exposure; PM concentration; particle-bound metals
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Chalvatzaki, E.; Chatoutsidou, S.E.; Mammi-Galani, E.; Almeida, S.M.; Gini, M.I.; Eleftheriadis, K.; Diapouli, E.; Lazaridis, M. Estimation of the Personal Deposited Dose of Particulate Matter and Particle-Bound Metals Using Data from Selected European Cities. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 248.

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