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Atmosphere 2018, 9(5), 160; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9050160

Precipitation Extended Linear Scaling Method for Correcting GCM Precipitation and Its Evaluation and Implication in the Transboundary Jhelum River Basin

1
Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes/Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
3
Water Engineering and Management, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2018 / Revised: 15 April 2018 / Accepted: 20 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Climatology and Meteorology)
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Abstract

In this study, a linear scaling method, precipitation extended linear scaling (PELS), is proposed to correct precipitation simulated by GCMs. In this method, monthly scaling factors were extended to daily scaling factors (DSFs) to improve the daily variation in precipitation. In addition, DSFs were also checked for outliers and smoothed with a smoothing filter to reduce the effect of noisy DSFs before correcting the GCM’s precipitation. This method was evaluated using the observed precipitation of 21 climate stations and five GCMs in the Jhelum River basin, Pakistan and India, for the period of 1986–2000 and also compared with the original linear scaling (OLS) method. The evaluation results showed substantial improvement in the corrected GCM precipitation, especially in case of mean and standard deviation values. Although PELS and OLS showed comparable results, the overall performance of PELS was better than OLS. After Evaluation, PELS was applied to the future precipitation from five GCMs for the period of 2041–2070 under RCP8.5 and RCP2.6 in the Jhelum basin, and the future changes in precipitation were calculated with respect to 1971–2000. According to average all GCMs, annual precipitation was projected to decrease by 4% and 6% in the basin under RCP8.5 and RCP2.6, respectively. Although two seasons, spring and fall, showed some increasing precipitation, the monsoon season showed severe decrease in precipitation, with 22% (RCP8.5) and 29% (RCP2.6), and even more reduction in July and August, up to 34% (RCP8.5) and 36% (RCP2.6). This means if the climate of the world follows the RCP8.5 and RCP2.6, then there will be a severe reduction in precipitation in the Jhelum basin during peak months. It was also observed that decline in precipitation was higher under RCP2.6 than RCP8.5. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; downscaling; precipitation extended linear scaling; Jhelum basin; Pakistan climate change; downscaling; precipitation extended linear scaling; Jhelum basin; Pakistan
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Mahmood, R.; Jia, S.; Tripathi, N.K.; Shrestha, S. Precipitation Extended Linear Scaling Method for Correcting GCM Precipitation and Its Evaluation and Implication in the Transboundary Jhelum River Basin. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 160.

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