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Atmosphere 2017, 8(10), 203; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos8100203

The Peñalara Mountain Meteorological Network (1999–2014): Description, Preliminary Results and Lessons Learned

1
Centro de Investigación, Seguimiento y Evaluación Sierra de Guadarrama, Rascafría 28740, Spain
2
InterMET Sistemas y Redes S.L.U., Cea Bermudez 14B-6C, Madrid 28003, Spain
3
Facultad Ciencias Ambientales y Bioquímica, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha (UCLM),Avda Carlos III s/n, Toledo 45071, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2017 / Revised: 31 August 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 17 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Atmospheric Processes over Complex Terrain)
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Abstract

This work describes a mountain meteorological network that was in operation from 1999 to 2014 in a mountain range with elevations ranging from 1104 to 2428 m in Central Spain. Additionally, some technical details of the network are described, as well as variables measured and some meta information presented, which is expected to be useful for future users of the observational database. A strong emphasis is made on showing the observational methods and protocols evolution, as it will help researchers to understand the sources of errors, data gaps and the final stage of the network. This paper summarizes mostly the common sources of errors when designing and operating a small network of this kind, so it can be useful for individual researchers and small size groups that undertake a similar task on their own. Strengths and weaknesses of some of the variables measured are discussed and some basic calculations are made in order to show the otential of the database and to anticipate future deeper climatological analyses over the area. Finally, the configuration of an automatic mountain meteorology station is suggested as a result of the lessons learned and the the common state of the art automatic measuring techniques View Full-Text
Keywords: mountains; observations; network; validation; uncertainties; climate; snow; extreme conditions mountains; observations; network; validation; uncertainties; climate; snow; extreme conditions
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Durán, L.; Rodríguez-Muñoz, I.; Sánchez, E. The Peñalara Mountain Meteorological Network (1999–2014): Description, Preliminary Results and Lessons Learned. Atmosphere 2017, 8, 203.

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