Next Article in Journal
An Inter-Comparison of the Holiday Climate Index (HCI) and the Tourism Climate Index (TCI) in Europe
Previous Article in Journal
Detailed Source-Specific Molecular Composition of Ambient Aerosol Organic Matter Using Ultrahigh Resolution Mass Spectrometry and 1H NMR
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Atmosphere 2016, 7(6), 78; doi:10.3390/atmos7060078

A Commercial Aircraft Fuel Burn and Emissions Inventory for 2005–2011

1
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Queen’s Building, University Walk, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TR, UK
2
Atmospheric Chemistry Research Group, School of Chemistry, Cantock’s Close, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert W. Talbot
Received: 11 April 2016 / Revised: 24 May 2016 / Accepted: 27 May 2016 / Published: 4 June 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2974 KB, uploaded 4 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

The commercial aircraft fuel burn and emission estimates of CO2, CO, H2O, hydrocarbons, NOx and SOx for 2005–2011 are given as the 4-D Aircraft Fuel Burn and Emissions Inventory. On average, the annual fuel burn and emissions of CO2, H2O, NOx, and SOx increased by 2%–3% for 2005–2011, however, annual CO and HC emissions decreased by 1.6% and 8.7%, respectively because of improving combustion efficiency in recent aircraft. Approximately 90% of the global annual aircraft NOx emissions were emitted in the NH between 2005 and 2011. Air traffic within the three main industrialised regions of the NH (Asia, Europe, and North America) alone accounted for 80% of the global number of departures, resulting in 50% and 45% of the global aircraft CO2 and NOx emissions, respectively, during 2005–2011. The current Asian fleet appears to impact our climate strongly (in terms of CO2 and NOx) when compared with the European and North American fleet. The changes in the geographical distribution and a gradual shift of the global aircraft NOx emissions as well as a subtle but steady change in regional emissions trends are shown in particular comparatively rising growth rates between 0 and 30°N and decreasing levels between 30 and 60°N. View Full-Text
Keywords: global and regional aviation; fuel burn; aircraft NOx emissions; geographical distribution global and regional aviation; fuel burn; aircraft NOx emissions; geographical distribution
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wasiuk, D.K.; Khan, M.A.H.; Shallcross, D.E.; Lowenberg, M.H. A Commercial Aircraft Fuel Burn and Emissions Inventory for 2005–2011. Atmosphere 2016, 7, 78.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top