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Atmosphere 2016, 7(4), 60; doi:10.3390/atmos7040060

Review on the Projections of Future Storminess over the North Atlantic European Region

1
Environmental Meteorology, Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg, Werthmannstrasse 10, D-79085 Freiburg, Germany
2
Department of Forest Growth, Forest Research Institute Baden-Wuerttemberg, Wonnhaldestrasse 4, D-79100 Freiburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert W. Talbot
Received: 16 February 2016 / Revised: 14 April 2016 / Accepted: 15 April 2016 / Published: 22 April 2016
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Abstract

This is an overview of the results from previously published climate modeling studies reporting on projected aspects of future storminess over the North Atlantic European region (NAER) in the period 2020–2190. Changes in storminess are summarized for seven subregions in the study area and rated by a categorical evaluation scheme that takes into account emission scenarios and modeling complexity in the reviewed studies. Although many of the reviewed studies reported an increase in the intensity of high-impact wind speed and extreme cyclone frequency in the second half of the 21st century, the projections of aspects of future storminess over the NAER differed regionally. There is broad consensus that the frequency and intensity of storms, cyclones, and high-impact wind speed will increase over Central and Western Europe, and these changes will probably have the potential to produce more damage. In contrast, future extratropical storminess over Southern Europe is very likely to decrease. For Northern and Eastern Europe the results of the evaluation are inconclusive, because there is an indication of increasing as well as decreasing development of the evaluated aspects of future storminess. Concerning the storm track, we found indications of a likely north- and eastward shift in most assessed studies. Results from three studies suggest a northeastward shift of the North Atlantic Oscillation. View Full-Text
Keywords: storminess; climate projections; storms; cyclones; storm track storminess; climate projections; storms; cyclones; storm track
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mölter, T.; Schindler, D.; Albrecht, A.T.; Kohnle, U. Review on the Projections of Future Storminess over the North Atlantic European Region. Atmosphere 2016, 7, 60.

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