Next Article in Journal
Feasibility Study of Rain Rate Monitoring from Polarimetric GNSS Propagation Parameters
Next Article in Special Issue
Quantifying Light Absorption of Iron Oxides and Carbonaceous Aerosol in Seasonal Snow across Northern China
Previous Article in Journal
Sensitive versus Rough Dependence under Initial Conditions in Atmospheric Flow Regimes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Satellite-Observed Transport of Dust to the East China Sea and the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre: Contribution of Dust to the Increase in Chlorophyll during Spring 2010
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Atmosphere 2016, 7(12), 158; doi:10.3390/atmos7120158

A Systematic Review of Global Desert Dust and Associated Human Health Effects

1
Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, China
2
Center for Spatial Information Science and Systems, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
3
Department of Pathophysiology, Norman Bethune Medical School, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
4
U.S. NOAA Air Resources Laboratory, College Park, MD 20740, USA
5
Key Laboratory of Tibetan Environment Changes and Land Surface Processes, Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
6
Beijing Municipal Institute of Labor Protection, Beijing 100054, China
7
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, The Second Hospital, Jilin University, Changchun 130041, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marina Astitha and George Kallos
Received: 28 July 2016 / Revised: 20 October 2016 / Accepted: 15 November 2016 / Published: 6 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2249 KB, uploaded 8 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Dust storms and sandy dust events originating in arid and semi-arid areas can transport particulate material, pollutants, and potential transport long distances from their sources. Exposure to desert dust particles is generally acknowledged to endanger human health. However, most studies have examined anthropogenic particulate sources, with few studies considering contributions from natural desert dust. A systematic literature review was undertaken using the ISI Web of Knowledge and PubMed databases with the objective of identifying all studies presenting results on the potential health impact from desert dust particles across the world. This review reveals an imbalance between the areas most exposed to dust and the areas most studied in terms of health effects. Among the human health effects of dust storms are mortality and morbidity, arising from respiratory system, circulatory system, and other diseases. We summarize the quantitative results of current scientific health research and possible pathological mechanisms, and describe some of the many challenges related to understanding health effects from exposures to desert dust particles. Overall, for respiratory and circulatory mortality, both positive and negative associations have been reported for PM10 of desert dust, but only a positive relationship was reported between PM2.5–10 and mortality, and a positive relationship was also reported between PM2.5 and human mortality. Future pathological studies should continue to focus on those mechanisms causing the most harmful effect of desert dust on respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. More attention should also be paid to the association between desert dust and the morbidity of other diseases, such as those affecting the reproductive system and nervous system. View Full-Text
Keywords: desert dust; health effects; quantitative analysis; geographical distribution; mortality; morbidity; pathological mechanism desert dust; health effects; quantitative analysis; geographical distribution; mortality; morbidity; pathological mechanism
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.; Zhao, L.; Tong, D.Q.; Wu, G.; Dan, M.; Teng, B. A Systematic Review of Global Desert Dust and Associated Human Health Effects. Atmosphere 2016, 7, 158.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top