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Atmosphere 2015, 6(6), 850-862; doi:10.3390/atmos6060850

Characteristics and Seasonal Variations of Carbonaceous Species in PM2.5 in Taiyuan, China

1
School of Environment and Safety, Taiyuan University of Science and Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
2
Urban Environment and Ecology Research Center, South China Institute of Environmental Science (SCIES), Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) of the People's Republic of China, Guangzhou 510655, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert W. Talbot
Received: 27 January 2015 / Revised: 3 June 2015 / Accepted: 5 June 2015 / Published: 19 June 2015
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Abstract

Seasonal characteristics of PM2.5, organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) were studied in Taiyuan from 2009 to 2010. PM2.5 samples were collected by pre-baked quartz filters with high-volume air sampler, and then OC and EC were analyzed by thermal/optical reflectance method. The annual average concentrations of PM2.5, OC and EC were 220.2, 37.4 and 19.6 µg/m3 respectively, which were higher than those in most regions in China. Total carbonaceous aerosol (TCA) accounted for more than one third of the total PM2.5 mass. The levels of PM2.5, OC and EC were the highest in winter, followed by spring, fall and summer. OC and EC were well correlated in summer compared with other seasons, indicating the presence of other additional sources such as biomass burning in fall, coal combustion for heating in winter and dust in spring. Higher OC/EC ratios in winter might be primarily attributed to the significant increase of direct emission of OC as a result of coal and biomass combustion, and also cooling effect of carbonaceous aerosols due to low temperature and stagnated atmospheric condition. These results showed that the pollution of carbonaceous particles in Taiyuan was serious, and might be an inducing factor of dust haze, especially in winter. View Full-Text
Keywords: PM2.5; organic carbon (OC); elemental carbon (EC); second organic carbon (SOC); Taiyuan PM2.5; organic carbon (OC); elemental carbon (EC); second organic carbon (SOC); Taiyuan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

He, Q.; Guo, W.; Zhang, G.; Yan, Y.; Chen, L. Characteristics and Seasonal Variations of Carbonaceous Species in PM2.5 in Taiyuan, China. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 850-862.

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