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Atmosphere 2015, 6(6), 822-833; doi:10.3390/atmos6060822

Gaseous Products of Incense Coil Combustion Extracted by Passive Solid Phase Microextraction Samplers

1
Department of Occupational Safety and Hygiene, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung City 83102, Taiwan
2
Department of Environmental Engineering and Science, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung City 83102, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pasquale Avino
Received: 16 April 2015 / Accepted: 9 June 2015 / Published: 16 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor and Outdoor Air Quality)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1159 KB, uploaded 16 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Burning incense indoors is a common behavior in Southeast Asia. In this investigation, needle trap samplers (NTS), a novel, green analytical technology is used for sampling gaseous combustion by-products from sandalwood incense coils. To extract indoor volatile organic compounds (VOCs), two NTS are prepared, one using 60–80 mesh and the other using 100–120 mesh divinylbenzene (DVB) particles packed in 22-gauge stainless steel needles. This work compares extraction efficiency of an NTS and that of a commercially available 100 μm polydimethylsiloxane solid phase microextration (PDMS-SPME) fiber sampler. Experimental results indicated that the 100–120 mesh DVB-NTS performed best among all samplers during a 1 h sampling period. The main extracted compounds were toluene, ethylbenzene, propane, chloromethane, 1,3-butadiene, methanol and dichloromethane. The potential use of small badge-sized or pen-sized NTS for the indoor atmosphere and occupational hygiene applications is addressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: solid phase microextraction; needle trap sampler; sampling; indoor air; volatile organic compounds; incense coil solid phase microextraction; needle trap sampler; sampling; indoor air; volatile organic compounds; incense coil
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cheng, W.-H.; Lai, C.-H.; Tzeng, W.-J.; Her, C.; Hsu, Y.-H. Gaseous Products of Incense Coil Combustion Extracted by Passive Solid Phase Microextraction Samplers. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 822-833.

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