A Comparison of ETKF and Downscaling in a Regional Ensemble Prediction System
AbstractBased on the operational regional ensemble prediction system (REPS) in China Meteorological Administration (CMA), this paper carried out comparison of two initial condition perturbation methods: an ensemble transform Kalman filter (ETKF) and a dynamical downscaling of global ensemble perturbations. One month consecutive tests are implemented to evaluate the performance of both methods in the operational REPS environment. The perturbation characteristics are analyzed and ensemble forecast verifications are conducted; furthermore, a TC case is investigated. The main conclusions are as follows: the ETKF perturbations contain more power at small scales while the ones derived from downscaling contain more power at large scales, and the relative difference of the two types of perturbations on scales become smaller with forecast lead time. The growth of downscaling perturbations is more remarkable, and the downscaling perturbations have larger magnitude than ETKF perturbations at all forecast lead times. However, the ETKF perturbation variance can represent the forecast error variance better than downscaling. Ensemble forecast verification shows slightly higher skill of downscaling ensemble over ETKF ensemble. A TC case study indicates that the overall performance of the two systems are quite similar despite the slightly smaller error of DOWN ensemble than ETKF ensemble at long range forecast lead times. View Full-Text
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Zhang, H.; Chen, J.; Zhi, X.; Wang, Y. A Comparison of ETKF and Downscaling in a Regional Ensemble Prediction System. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 341-360.
Zhang H, Chen J, Zhi X, Wang Y. A Comparison of ETKF and Downscaling in a Regional Ensemble Prediction System. Atmosphere. 2015; 6(3):341-360.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Hanbin; Chen, Jing; Zhi, Xiefei; Wang, Yanan. 2015. "A Comparison of ETKF and Downscaling in a Regional Ensemble Prediction System." Atmosphere 6, no. 3: 341-360.