Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Atmosphere 2014, 5(2), 307-323; doi:10.3390/atmos5020307
Article

Designation of Environmental Impacts and Damages of Turbojet Engine: A Case Study with GE-J85

Received: 3 January 2014; in revised form: 7 February 2014 / Accepted: 15 May 2014 / Published: 23 May 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [683 KB, uploaded 23 May 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Between the troposphere and stratosphere layers of the atmosphere is a critical zone for collecting emissions and negative effects on the Earth (ecological, humanity, and resources). Aircrafts are the main causes of the impacts in this layer. In this study, environmental effects (Damages, Specific Fuel Consumption Impact-SFCI and Thrust Environmental Impact-TEI) of different fueled (Jet-A and Liquid Hydrogen-H2) jet engines (a case study with GE-J85) are investigated. This comparison was made between 7000–10,000 m altitude and 0.7–1.0 Mach. The maximum damages were found to be 82.44 PDF∙m2∙yr (Potentially Disappeared Fraction from one m2 area during one year), 1.75 × 10−3 DALY (disability-adjusted life years), and 8100 MJ Surplus for Ecosystem Quality, Human Health and Resources, respectively, at Jet-A fueled aircraft, 1 Mach, and 7000 m altitude. Additionally, the maximum SFCI was calculated as 344.03 mPts/kg at H2-fueled, 0.7 Mach, and 10,000 m; the minimum TEI was calculated as 13.78 mPts/N at H2-fueled aircraft, 0.7 Mach, and 9000 m. The best environmental (low specific fuel consumption and thrust impacts) flight situations were found in this study at a high altitude and a low Mach number.
Keywords: turbojet engine; environmental damages; specific fuel consumption impact (SFCI); Thrust Environmental Impact (TEI) turbojet engine; environmental damages; specific fuel consumption impact (SFCI); Thrust Environmental Impact (TEI)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Altuntas, O. Designation of Environmental Impacts and Damages of Turbojet Engine: A Case Study with GE-J85. Atmosphere 2014, 5, 307-323.

AMA Style

Altuntas O. Designation of Environmental Impacts and Damages of Turbojet Engine: A Case Study with GE-J85. Atmosphere. 2014; 5(2):307-323.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Altuntas, Onder. 2014. "Designation of Environmental Impacts and Damages of Turbojet Engine: A Case Study with GE-J85." Atmosphere 5, no. 2: 307-323.


Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert