Next Article in Journal
Modeling Multiple-Core Updraft Plume Rise for an Aerial Ignition Prescribed Burn by Coupling Daysmoke with a Cellular Automata Fire Model
Previous Article in Journal
Assessment of the Weather Research and Forecasting/Chemistry Model to Simulate Ozone Concentrations in March 2008 over Coastal Areas of the Sea of Japan
Atmosphere 2012, 3(3), 320-351; doi:10.3390/atmos3030320
Article

The Spring-Time Boundary Layer in the Central Arctic Observed during PAMARCMiP 2009

1,†,* , 1
, 1
, 1
, 1
, 2
, 2
, 1
, 1
, 1
, 3
, 4
, 5
, 6
, 7
, 7
 and 8
1 Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Telegrafenberg A43, Potsdam 14473, Germany 2 Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven 27570, Germany 3 Earth System Research Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80305, USA 4 Jade Hochschule, Weserstr. 4, Elsfleth 26931, Germany 5 Fielax GmbH, Schleusenstr. 14, Bremerhaven 27568, Germany 6 Earth and Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysics, University of Alberta, Edmonton T6G 2E3, Canada 7 Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute, Bering Street 38, St. Petersburg 199397, Russia 8 Science and Technology Branch, Environment Canada, Downsview M3H 5T4, Canada Current address: Institute of Aerospace Systems, TU Braunschweig, Hermann-Blenk-Street 23, Braunschweig 38108, Germany.
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 March 2012 / Revised: 2 May 2012 / Accepted: 18 June 2012 / Published: 16 July 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [9092 KB, uploaded 16 July 2012]   |   Browse Figures

Abstract

The Arctic atmospheric boundary layer (AABL) in the central Arctic was characterized by dropsonde, lidar, ice thickness and airborne in situ measurements during the international Polar Airborne Measurements and Arctic Regional Climate Model Simulation Project (PAMARCMiP) in April 2009. We discuss AABL observations in the lowermost 500 m above (A) open water, (B) sea ice with many open/refrozen leads (C) sea ice with few leads, and (D) closed sea ice with a front modifying the AABL. Above water, the AABL had near-neutral stratification and contained a high water vapor concentration. Above sea ice, a low AABL top, low near-surface temperatures, strong surface-based temperature inversions and an increase of moisture with altitude were observed. AABL properties and particle concentrations were modified by a frontal system, allowing vertical mixing with the free atmosphere. Above areas with many leads, the potential temperature decreased with height in the lowest 50 m and was nearly constant above, up to an altitude of 100–200 m, indicating vertical mixing. The increase of the backscatter coefficient towards the surface was high. Above sea ice with few refrozen leads, the stably stratified boundary layer extended up to 200–300 m altitude. It was characterized by low specific humidity and a smaller increase of the backscatter coefficient towards the surface.
Keywords: Arctic boundary layer; dropsonde; airborne lidar; sea ice thickness Arctic boundary layer; dropsonde; airborne lidar; sea ice thickness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Lampert, A.; Maturilli, M.; Ritter, C.; Hoffmann, A.; Stock, M.; Herber, A.; Birnbaum, G.; Neuber, R.; Dethloff, K.; Orgis, T.; Stone, R.; Brauner, R.; Kässbohrer, J.; Haas, C.; Makshtas, A.; Sokolov, V.; Liu, P. The Spring-Time Boundary Layer in the Central Arctic Observed during PAMARCMiP 2009. Atmosphere 2012, 3, 320-351.

View more citation formats

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert