Atmosphere 2012, 3(1), 164-180; doi:10.3390/atmos3010164

Pre-Harvest Sugarcane Burning: Determination of Emission Factors through Laboratory Measurements

1,* email, 2email, 3email, 3email, 4email, 1email, 3email, 3email and Jr. 5email
Received: 2 January 2012; in revised form: 20 January 2012 / Accepted: 31 January 2012 / Published: 15 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass Emissions)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Sugarcane is an important crop for the Brazilian economy and roughly 50% of its production is used to produce ethanol. However, the common practice of pre-harvest burning of sugarcane straw emits particulate material, greenhouse gases, and tropospheric ozone precursors to the atmosphere. Even with policies to eliminate the practice of pre-harvest sugarcane burning in the near future, there is still significant environmental damage. Thus, the generation of reliable inventories of emissions due to this activity is crucial in order to assess their environmental impact. Nevertheless, the official Brazilian emissions inventory does not presently include the contribution from pre-harvest sugarcane burning. In this context, this work aims to determine sugarcane straw burning emission factors for some trace gases and particulate material smaller than 2.5 μm in the laboratory. Excess mixing ratios for CO2, CO, NOX, UHC (unburned hydrocarbons), and PM2.5 were measured, allowing the estimation of their respective emission factors. Average estimated values for emission factors (g kg−1 of burned dry biomass) were 1,303 ± 218 for CO2, 65 ± 14 for CO, 1.5 ± 0.4 for NOX, 16 ± 6 for UHC, and 2.6 ± 1.6 for PM2.5. These emission factors can be used to generate more realistic emission inventories and therefore improve the results of air quality models.
Keywords: sugarcane burning; emission factors; experimental fires; CO2; CO; NOX; Hydrocarbons; PM2.5
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MDPI and ACS Style

França, D.A.; Longo, K.M.; Neto, T.G.S.; Santos, J.C.; Freitas, S.R.; Rudorff, B.F.T.; Cortez, E.V.; Anselmo, E.; Carvalho, J.A., Jr. Pre-Harvest Sugarcane Burning: Determination of Emission Factors through Laboratory Measurements. Atmosphere 2012, 3, 164-180.

AMA Style

França DA, Longo KM, Neto TGS, Santos JC, Freitas SR, Rudorff BFT, Cortez EV, Anselmo E, Carvalho JA, Jr. Pre-Harvest Sugarcane Burning: Determination of Emission Factors through Laboratory Measurements. Atmosphere. 2012; 3(1):164-180.

Chicago/Turabian Style

França, Daniela de Azeredo; Longo, Karla Maria; Neto, Turibio Gomes Soares; Santos, José Carlos; Freitas, Saulo R.; Rudorff, Bernardo F. T.; Cortez, Ely Vieira; Anselmo, Edson; Carvalho, João Andrade, Jr. 2012. "Pre-Harvest Sugarcane Burning: Determination of Emission Factors through Laboratory Measurements." Atmosphere 3, no. 1: 164-180.

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