Next Article in Journal
Emissions from Ethanol-Gasoline Blends: A Single Particle Perspective
Previous Article in Journal
An Ensemble of Arctic Simulations of the AOE-2001 Field Experiment
Atmosphere 2011, 2(2), 171-181; doi:10.3390/atmos2020171
Article

No Borders for Tobacco Smoke in Hospitality Venues in Vienna

 and *
Received: 7 May 2011; in revised form: 2 June 2011 / Accepted: 3 June 2011 / Published: 17 June 2011
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [235 KB, updated 23 June 2011; original version uploaded 17 June 2011]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: In public places many countries banned smoking as the most important indoor source of fine airborne particulate matter. In Austria partial bans have been in force since 2009, with exemptions for the hospitality industry. From February to October 2010 we investigated PM2.5 concentrations in the breathing area of guests in well frequented Viennese establishments of all sizes, and compared these chance indoor samples with PM2.5 concentrations measured during the same half hour at the next outdoor monitoring station. The laser particle counter (OPC1.108, Grimm®) used for indoor measurements had been calibrated by ß-attenuation (FH 62 I-R, Eberline®), which was used outdoors. 48% of 112 venues visited did not fully comply with the law, notwithstanding its weakness.  Highest median concentrations (in µg/m3) were found in bars (443.7), followed by nightclubs/discotheques (421.1), pubs (147.7), cafes (106.1) and restaurants (23.4). Concentrations increased with number of smokers present (p < 0.01), with medians of 282.4/241,3/67.6/6.9 µg/m³ in smoking venues/smoking rooms/adjacent non-smoking rooms/exclusive non-smoking venues. Only for the latter, a significant correlation was found with outdoor concentrations (r = 0.48, p < 0.01), while concentrations in non-smoking rooms were higher (p < 0.01) and unrelated to outdoor concentrations, but significantly dependent on concentrations in the adjacent smoking room (r = 0.64, p < 0.01). In conclusion, the partial smoking ban failed and guests of Viennese hospitality venues continue to risk disease from passive smoking, even in so-called “non-smoking rooms”, which are second-hand smoke rooms.
Keywords: secondhand smoke; particulate matter; hospitality venues; tobacco law; environmental medicine secondhand smoke; particulate matter; hospitality venues; tobacco law; environmental medicine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Pletz, H.; Neuberger, M. No Borders for Tobacco Smoke in Hospitality Venues in Vienna. Atmosphere 2011, 2, 171-181.

AMA Style

Pletz H, Neuberger M. No Borders for Tobacco Smoke in Hospitality Venues in Vienna. Atmosphere. 2011; 2(2):171-181.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pletz, Herbert; Neuberger, Manfred. 2011. "No Borders for Tobacco Smoke in Hospitality Venues in Vienna." Atmosphere 2, no. 2: 171-181.


Atmosphere EISSN 2073-4433 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert