The Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a Model for Understanding RAS Proteins and their Role in Human Tumorigenesis
AbstractThe exploitation of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a biological model for the investigation of complex molecular processes conserved in multicellular organisms, such as humans, has allowed fundamental biological discoveries. When comparing yeast and human proteins, it is clear that both amino acid sequences and protein functions are often very well conserved. One example of the high degree of conservation between human and yeast proteins is highlighted by the members of the RAS family. Indeed, the study of the signaling pathways regulated by RAS in yeast cells led to the discovery of properties that were often found interchangeable with RAS proto-oncogenes in human pathways, and vice versa. In this work, we performed an updated critical literature review on human and yeast RAS pathways, specifically highlighting the similarities and differences between them. Moreover, we emphasized the contribution of studying yeast RAS pathways for the understanding of human RAS and how this model organism can contribute to unveil the roles of RAS oncoproteins in the regulation of mechanisms important in the tumorigenic process, like autophagy. View Full-Text
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Cazzanelli, G.; Pereira, F.; Alves, S.; Francisco, R.; Azevedo, L.; Dias Carvalho, P.; Almeida, A.; Côrte-Real, M.; Oliveira, M.J.; Lucas, C.; Sousa, M.J.; Preto, A. The Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a Model for Understanding RAS Proteins and their Role in Human Tumorigenesis. Cells 2018, 7, 14.
Cazzanelli G, Pereira F, Alves S, Francisco R, Azevedo L, Dias Carvalho P, Almeida A, Côrte-Real M, Oliveira MJ, Lucas C, Sousa MJ, Preto A. The Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a Model for Understanding RAS Proteins and their Role in Human Tumorigenesis. Cells. 2018; 7(2):14.Chicago/Turabian Style
Cazzanelli, Giulia; Pereira, Flávia; Alves, Sara; Francisco, Rita; Azevedo, Luísa; Dias Carvalho, Patrícia; Almeida, Ana; Côrte-Real, Manuela; Oliveira, Maria J.; Lucas, Cândida; Sousa, Maria J.; Preto, Ana. 2018. "The Yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as a Model for Understanding RAS Proteins and their Role in Human Tumorigenesis." Cells 7, no. 2: 14.
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