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Multiscale and Multimodal Approaches to Study Autophagy in Model Plants

1
Institute of Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), CEA, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, 91 198 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
2
Institute of Life Sciences, UCL/ISV, University of Louvain, Croix du Sud 4, L7.07.14, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 December 2017 / Revised: 5 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 January 2018 / Published: 9 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assays to Monitor Autophagy in Model Systems)
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Abstract

Autophagy is a catabolic process used by eukaryotic cells to maintain or restore cellular and organismal homeostasis. A better understanding of autophagy in plant biology could lead to an improvement of the recycling processes of plant cells and thus contribute, for example, towards reducing the negative ecological consequences of nitrogen-based fertilizers in agriculture. It may also help to optimize plant adaptation to adverse biotic and abiotic conditions through appropriate plant breeding or genetic engineering to incorporate useful traits in relation to this catabolic pathway. In this review, we describe useful protocols for studying autophagy in the plant cell, taking into account some specificities of the plant model. View Full-Text
Keywords: autophagy; autophagosome; plant cells; Arabidopsis; tobacco; autophagy assays; methods autophagy; autophagosome; plant cells; Arabidopsis; tobacco; autophagy assays; methods
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Marion, J.; Le Bars, R.; Besse, L.; Batoko, H.; Satiat-Jeunemaitre, B. Multiscale and Multimodal Approaches to Study Autophagy in Model Plants. Cells 2018, 7, 5.

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