Form, Fabric, and Function of a Flagellum-Associated Cytoskeletal Structure
AbstractTrypanosoma brucei is a uniflagellated protist and the causative agent of African trypanosomiasis, a neglected tropical disease. The single flagellum of T. brucei is essential to a number of cellular processes such as motility, and has been a longstanding focus of scientific enquiry. A number of cytoskeletal structures are associated with the flagellum in T. brucei, and one such structure—a multiprotein complex containing the repeat motif protein TbMORN1—is the focus of this review. The TbMORN1-containing complex, which was discovered less than ten years ago, is essential for the viability of the mammalian-infective form of T. brucei. The complex has an unusual asymmetric morphology, and is coiled around the flagellum to form a hook shape. Proteomic analysis using the proximity-dependent biotin identification (BioID) technique has elucidated a number of its components. Recent work has uncovered a role for TbMORN1 in facilitating protein entry into the cell, thus providing a link between the cytoskeleton and the endomembrane system. This review summarises the extant data on the complex, highlights the outstanding questions for future enquiry, and provides speculation as to its possible role in a size-exclusion mechanism for regulating protein entry. The review additionally clarifies the nomenclature associated with this topic, and proposes the adoption of the term “hook complex” to replace the former name “bilobe” to describe the complex. View Full-Text
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Morriswood, B. Form, Fabric, and Function of a Flagellum-Associated Cytoskeletal Structure. Cells 2015, 4, 726-747.
Morriswood B. Form, Fabric, and Function of a Flagellum-Associated Cytoskeletal Structure. Cells. 2015; 4(4):726-747.Chicago/Turabian Style
Morriswood, Brooke. 2015. "Form, Fabric, and Function of a Flagellum-Associated Cytoskeletal Structure." Cells 4, no. 4: 726-747.