Immunohistochemistry of Programmed Cell Death in Archival Human Pathology Specimens
AbstractImmunohistochemistry (IHC) for detecting key signal molecules involved in programmed cell death (PCD) in archival human pathology specimens is fairly well established. Detection of cleaved caspase-3 in lymphocytes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and gastric surface foveolar glandular epithelia but not in synoviocytes in RA, gastric fundic glandular epithelia, or nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) cells suggests anti-apoptotic mechanisms in cell differentiation and in oncogenesis such as the induction of survivin. Enzymatically pretreated and ultra-super sensitive detection of beclin-1 in synoviocytes in RA and gastric fundic glandular epithelia suggests enhanced autophagy. The deposition of beclin-1 in fibrinoid necrosis in RA and expression of beclin-1 in detached gastric fundic glandular cells suggest that enhanced autophagy undergoes autophagic cell death (ACD). NKTCL exhibited enhanced autophagy through LC3 labeling and showed densely LC3 labeled cell-debris in regions of peculiar necrosis without deposition of beclin-1, indicating massive ACD in NKTCL and the alternative pathway enhancing autophagy following autophagic vesicle nucleation. Autophagy progression was monitored by labeling aggregated mitochondria and cathepsin D. The cell-debris in massive ACD in NKTCL were positive for 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, suggesting DNA oxidation occurred in ACD. Immunohistochemical autophagy and PCD analysis in archival human pathology specimens may offer new insights into autophagy in humans. View Full-Text
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Hasui, K.; Nagai, T.; Wang, J.; Jia, X.; Aozasa, K.; Izumo, S.; Kawano, Y.; Kanekura, T.; Eizuru, Y.; Matsuyama, T. Immunohistochemistry of Programmed Cell Death in Archival Human Pathology Specimens. Cells 2012, 1, 74-88.
Hasui K, Nagai T, Wang J, Jia X, Aozasa K, Izumo S, Kawano Y, Kanekura T, Eizuru Y, Matsuyama T. Immunohistochemistry of Programmed Cell Death in Archival Human Pathology Specimens. Cells. 2012; 1(2):74-88.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hasui, Kazuhisa; Nagai, Taku; Wang, Jia; Jia, Xinshan; Aozasa, Katsuyuki; Izumo, Shuji; Kawano, Yoshifumi; Kanekura, Takuro; Eizuru, Yoshito; Matsuyama, Takami. 2012. "Immunohistochemistry of Programmed Cell Death in Archival Human Pathology Specimens." Cells 1, no. 2: 74-88.