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Polymers 2017, 9(9), 449; doi:10.3390/polym9090449

Effects of Graphene Oxide and Chemically-Reduced Graphene Oxide on the Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Amine Composites

1
Unidad de Química de Superficies y Nanotecnología, Fundación Tekniker, Iñaki Goenaga 5, 20600 Eibar, Spain
2
Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad del País Vasco/EHU, Apdo. 644, E-48080 Bilbao, Spain
3
SGIker, General Research Services, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), B. Sarriena S/N, 48940 Leioa, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 July 2017 / Revised: 8 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 14 September 2017
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Abstract

Composites based on epoxy/graphene oxide (GO) and epoxy/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) were investigated for thermal-mechanical performance focusing on the effects of the chemical groups present on nanoadditive-enhanced surfaces. GO and rGO obtained in the present study have been characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) demonstrating that materials with different oxidation degrees have been obtained. Thereafter, GO/epoxy and rGO/epoxy nanocomposites were successfully prepared and thoroughly characterized by dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). A significant increase in the glass transition temperature was found in comparison with the neat epoxy. The presence of functional groups on the graphene surface leads to chemical interactions between these functional groups on GO and rGO surfaces with the epoxy, contributing to the possible formation of covalent bonds between GO and rGO with the matrix. The presence of oxidation groups on GO also contributes to an improved exfoliation, intercalation, and distribution of the GO sheets in the composites with respect to the rGO based composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermosetting resin; graphene; nanocomposites; thermomechanical thermosetting resin; graphene; nanocomposites; thermomechanical
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MDPI and ACS Style

Monteserín, C.; Blanco, M.; Aranzabe, E.; Aranzabe, A.; Laza, J.M.; Larrañaga-Varga, A.; Vilas, J.L. Effects of Graphene Oxide and Chemically-Reduced Graphene Oxide on the Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Epoxy Amine Composites. Polymers 2017, 9, 449.

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