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Polymers 2017, 9(7), 296; doi:10.3390/polym9070296

Design and Study of a Novel Thermal-Resistant and Shear-Stable Amphoteric Polyacrylamide in High-Salinity Solution

School of Petroleum Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Heavy Oil Processing, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao 266580, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 June 2017 / Revised: 5 July 2017 / Accepted: 17 July 2017 / Published: 21 July 2017
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Abstract: Water-soluble polymers are widely used in oilfields. The rheological behaviors of these polymers in high-salinity solution are very important for stimulation of high-salinity reservoirs. In this work, a novel thermal-resistant and shear-stable amphoteric polyacrylamide (PASD), prepared from acrylamide (AM), sodium styrene sulfonate (SSS), and acryloxyethyl trimethylammonium chloride (DAC) monomers, was prepared by free-radical polymerization in high-salinity solution. The amphoteric polyacrylamide was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR), elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis (TG), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The amphoteric polyacrylamide exhibited excellent salinity tolerance. The slow increase in apparent viscosity of the polymer with increase in salinity was interesting. The amphoteric polyacrylamide showed perfect temperature resistance in high-salinity solution. The viscosity retention reached 38.9% at 120 °C and was restored to 87.8% of its initial viscosity when temperature was decreased to room temperature. The retention ratio of apparent viscosity reached 49.7% at 170 s−1 and could still retain it at 25.8% at 1000 s−1. All these results demonstrated that PASD had excellent thermal-resistance and shear-stability in high-salinity solution. We expect that this work could provide a new strategy to design polymers with excellent salinity-tolerance, thermal-resistance, and shear-stability performances. View Full-Text
Keywords: amphoteric polyacrylamide; high-salinity solution; thermal-resistance; shear-stability amphoteric polyacrylamide; high-salinity solution; thermal-resistance; shear-stability

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Dai, C.; Xu, Z.; Wu, Y.; Zou, C.; Wu, X.; Wang, T.; Guo, X.; Zhao, M. Design and Study of a Novel Thermal-Resistant and Shear-Stable Amphoteric Polyacrylamide in High-Salinity Solution. Polymers 2017, 9, 296.

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