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Polymers 2017, 9(7), 250; doi:10.3390/polym9070250

Particle Distribution of Solid Flame Retardants in Infusion Moulded Composites

Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp. 3., H-1111 Budapest, Hungary
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexander Böker
Received: 29 May 2017 / Revised: 23 June 2017 / Accepted: 23 June 2017 / Published: 28 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Featured Mini Reviews in Polymer Science)
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Resin transfer moulding (RTM) is commonly used for the production of high-performance fibre-reinforced polymer composites. In numerous application areas, the addition of fillers is necessary to enhance some properties of the polymer matrix or provide it with additional properties, such as flame retardancy. As many of the applied additives are solid phase, the reinforcement layers may filter the solid phase additive particles during RTM, resulting in a non-uniform distribution and uneven performance. Consequently, the proper distribution of the solid phase additives in composites is of key importance. This review primarily aims at facilitating the production of flame retarded structural composites by RTM in cases where the required fire performance can only be achieved with solid additives. First, the parameters influencing the particle distribution, along with the models describing it, are reviewed. Then, analytical methods for determining the particle distribution in composites manufactured by RTM are presented. Finally, the possible solutions to improve the particle distribution of solid phase additives are outlined. View Full-Text
Keywords: fibre-reinforced composite; resin transfer moulding; particle distribution; solid phase additive; flame retardant fibre-reinforced composite; resin transfer moulding; particle distribution; solid phase additive; flame retardant

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Pomázi, Á.; Toldy, A. Particle Distribution of Solid Flame Retardants in Infusion Moulded Composites. Polymers 2017, 9, 250.

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