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Polymers 2017, 9(11), 606; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9110606

Preparation of a Fluorocarbon Polymerizable Surfactant and Its Application in Emulsion Polymerization of Fluorine-Containing Acrylate

1
,
2
,
1,* and 1,2,*
1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
2
Center for Advanced Low-Dimension Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 October 2017 / Revised: 7 November 2017 / Accepted: 10 November 2017 / Published: 14 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluorinated Polymers)
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Abstract

A novel polymerizable fluorocarbon surfactant, perfluoro (4–methyl–3, 6–dioxaoct–7–ene) sodium sulfonate (PSVNa), was synthesized and characterized. The fluorocarbon surfactant PSVNa and its mixture PSVNa/SDS were used as emulsifiers during the emulsion polymerization of DFHMA/MMA. The investigation of polymerization kinetics, particle size, and stability of the emulsions revealed that PSVNa has excellent emulsifying properties. The NMR spectrum of the copolymer and the detection of residual PSVNa show that more than 95% of the fluorocarbon surfactants have been linked to the polymer chains by radical polymerization, which will greatly reduce the environmental pollution caused by fluorinated surfactants. View Full-Text
Keywords: fluorocarbon polymerizable emulsifier; emulsion polymerization; emulsifier; fluorinated polymer; characterization fluorocarbon polymerizable emulsifier; emulsion polymerization; emulsifier; fluorinated polymer; characterization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Zhao, M.; Yu, Y.; Han, Z.; Li, H. Preparation of a Fluorocarbon Polymerizable Surfactant and Its Application in Emulsion Polymerization of Fluorine-Containing Acrylate. Polymers 2017, 9, 606.

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