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Polymers 2017, 9(10), 535; doi:10.3390/polym9100535

Self-Healing Polymeric Composite Material Design, Failure Analysis and Future Outlook: A Review

DST-CSIR National Centre for Nanostructured Materials, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
Department of Chemical, Metallurgical and Material Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Johannesburg, Doornfontein, Johannesburg 2028, South Africa
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2017 / Revised: 14 October 2017 / Accepted: 16 October 2017 / Published: 20 October 2017
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The formation of micro-cracks and crack propagation is still an acute problem in polymer and polymer composites. These micro-cracks usually occur while the materials are manufactured or serviced. The development and coalescence of these cracks reduces the lifespan and brings about a catastrophic failure of the materials. Novel scientific research on polymeric self-healing is emphasised in a number of publications, which consist of contributions from many of the prominent researchers in this area. Progress in this field can eventually enable scientist to construct new flexible materials that both monitor the material’s integrity and repair the deformed material prior to the occurrence of any fatal failures. This report describes recent trends that have been used in material science and computational methods to mitigate the development of micro-cracks and crack propagation in polymer composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer composites; self-healing; cracks; modelling; review polymer composites; self-healing; cracks; modelling; review

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mphahlele, K.; Ray, S.S.; Kolesnikov, A. Self-Healing Polymeric Composite Material Design, Failure Analysis and Future Outlook: A Review. Polymers 2017, 9, 535.

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