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Polymers 2017, 9(10), 518; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9100518

Electrosynthesis of Copolymers Based on 1,3,5-Tris(N-Carbazolyl)Benzene and 2,2′-Bithiophene and Their Applications in Electrochromic Devices

Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
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Received: 12 September 2017 / Revised: 13 October 2017 / Accepted: 13 October 2017 / Published: 17 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Polymers)
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Abstract

Poly(1,3,5-tris(N-carbazolyl)benzene) (PtnCz) and three copolymers based on 1,3,5-tris(N-carbazolyl)benzene (tnCz) and 2,2′-bithiophene (bTp) were electrochemically synthesized. The anodic P(tnCz1-bTp2) film with a tnCz/bTp feed molar ratio of 1/2 showed four colors (light orange at 0.0 V, yellowish-orange at 0.7 V, yellowish-green at 0.8 V, and blue at 1.1 V) from the neutral state to oxidized states. The optical contrast (∆T%) and coloration efficiency (η) of the P(tnCz1-bTp2) film were measured as 48% and 112 cm2∙C1, respectively, at 696 nm. Electrochromic devices (ECDs) based on PtnCz, P(tnCz1-bTp1), P(tnCz1-bTp2), P(tnCz1-bTp4), and PbTp films as anodic polymer layers and poly(3,4-dihydro-3,3-dimethyl-2H-thieno[3,4-b-1,4]dioxepin) (PProDOT-Me2) as cathodic polymer layers were assembled. P(tnCz1-bTp2)/PProDOT-Me2 ECD showed three various colors (saffron yellow, yellowish-blue, and dark blue) at potentials ranging from −0.3 to 1.5 V. In addition, P(tnCz1-bTp2)/PProDOT-Me2 ECD showed a high ∆T% value (40% at 630 nm) and a high coloration efficiency (519 cm2∙C1 at 630 nm). View Full-Text
Keywords: conjugated polymer; polycarbazole; electrochromic device; electrosynthesis; optical contrast; coloration efficiency conjugated polymer; polycarbazole; electrochromic device; electrosynthesis; optical contrast; coloration efficiency
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kuo, C.-W.; Lee, P.-Y. Electrosynthesis of Copolymers Based on 1,3,5-Tris(N-Carbazolyl)Benzene and 2,2′-Bithiophene and Their Applications in Electrochromic Devices. Polymers 2017, 9, 518.

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