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Polymers 2016, 8(12), 420; doi:10.3390/polym8120420

An Investigation of the High Performance of a Novel Type of Benzobisoxazole Fiber Based on 3,3-Diaminobenzidine

1
MIIT Key Laboratory of Critical Materials Technology for New Energy Conversion and Storage, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2
College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Russell E. Gorga
Received: 19 August 2016 / Revised: 25 November 2016 / Accepted: 28 November 2016 / Published: 13 December 2016
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Abstract

The mechanical and thermal properties of poly{2,6-diimidazo[4,5-b:4′5′-e] pyridinylene-1,4(2,5-dihydroxy) phenylene} (PIPD)-3,3-diaminobenzidine (DAB) fibers were analyzed. Compared to other types of benzimidazole fiber structures and properties, PIPD-DAB is distinguished by a unique combination of strength, tensile modulus, and thermal properties. The PIPD polymer was prepared from 2,3,5,6-tetra-aminopyridine (TAP) and 2,5-dihydroxyterephthalic acid (DHTA) in polyphosphoric acid (PPA). In order to enhance the tensile strength and modulus, a third comonomer, 3,3-diaminobenzidine (DAB), was incorporated into the PIPD molecular structure. The change in molecular structure was recorded using Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD). Compared to the PIPD fibers (average tensile strength of PIPD is 3.9 GPa, average tensile modulus of PIPD is 287 GPa), the tensile strength and modulus of PIPD-DAB increased to 4.2 and 318 GPa, respectively. In addition, the thermal decomposition temperature of the PIPD fibers is enhanced by 35 °C, due to the incorporated DAB. PIPD-DAB is a promising material for use under high tensile loads and/or high temperatures. View Full-Text
Keywords: third comonomer; benzobisoxazole fibers; high performance third comonomer; benzobisoxazole fibers; high performance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, Y.; Song, Y.; Zhao, L.; Rahoui, N.; Jiang, B.; Huang, Y. An Investigation of the High Performance of a Novel Type of Benzobisoxazole Fiber Based on 3,3-Diaminobenzidine. Polymers 2016, 8, 420.

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