Synthesis and Thermosensitive Behavior of Polyacrylamide Copolymers and Their Applications in Smart Textiles
AbstractWe tuned the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of amphiphilic poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) via copolymerization with a hydrophilic comonomer of N-hydroxymethyl acrylamide (NHMAAm). A series of copolymers P(NIPAAm-co-NHMAAm) were synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) using CuBr/(N,N,N',N',N''-Pentamethyldiethylenetriamine) (PMDETA) as a catalyst system and 2-bromo ethyl isobutyrate (EBiB) as an initiator. The copolymers were well characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), 1H Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The copolymers followed a simple rule in their thermosensitive behaviors and have a linear increase in the LCST as a function of NHMAAm mol%. The thermosensitive properties of the copolymer films were investigated and demonstrated hydrophilic-hydrophobic transitions. Finally, the copolymer was grafted onto cotton fabrics using citric acid (CA) as a crosslinking agent and sodium hypophosphite (SHP) as a catalyst following a two dipping, two padding process. The large number of hydroxyl groups in the copolymer makes grafting convenient and firm. The grafted cotton fabrics show obvious thermosensitive behaviors. The results demonstrate that the cotton fabrics become more hydrophobic when the temperature is higher than the LCST. This study presents a valuable route towards temperature-responsive smart textiles and their potential applications. View Full-Text
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Chen, T.; Fang, Q.; Zhong, Q.; Chen, Y.; Wang, J. Synthesis and Thermosensitive Behavior of Polyacrylamide Copolymers and Their Applications in Smart Textiles. Polymers 2015, 7, 909-920.
Chen T, Fang Q, Zhong Q, Chen Y, Wang J. Synthesis and Thermosensitive Behavior of Polyacrylamide Copolymers and Their Applications in Smart Textiles. Polymers. 2015; 7(5):909-920.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Tao; Fang, Qisheng; Zhong, Qi; Chen, Yangyi; Wang, Jiping. 2015. "Synthesis and Thermosensitive Behavior of Polyacrylamide Copolymers and Their Applications in Smart Textiles." Polymers 7, no. 5: 909-920.