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Polymers 2015, 7(11), 2290-2303; doi:10.3390/polym7111514

Antibacterial/Antiviral Property and Mechanism of Dual-Functional Quaternized Pyridinium-type Copolymer

1,2
and
2,*
1
School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Oil & Gas Field Applied Chemistry Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu 610500, China
2
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB E3B 5A3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jianxun Ding
Received: 12 October 2015 / Revised: 30 October 2015 / Accepted: 3 November 2015 / Published: 11 November 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2914 KB, uploaded 11 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

Due to the massive outbreaks of pathogen-caused diseases and the increase of drug-resistant pathogens, there is a particular interest in the development of novel disinfection agents with broad-spectrum antipathogenic activity. In the present study, water-soluble pyridinium-type polyvinylpyrrolidones with different counter anions were prepared. Structural characterization was conducted via 13C–1H heteronuclear single quantum coherence spectroscopy, static light scattering, UV spectrometry and apparent charge density. The influence of counter anion and polymer compositions on the antibacterial activity was studied against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was applied for tracking the morphological alterations in bacterial cells induced by prepared polycations. It was found that the exposure of bacteria to the polycations resulted in the destruction of cell membranes and the leakage of cytoplasm. The antiviral activity of pyridinium-type polycations against enveloped influenza virus was evaluated via a plaque assay. The action mode against enveloped virus was depicted to rationalize the antiviral mechanism. View Full-Text
Keywords: pyridinium; polycation; antimicrobial polymer; antiviral; enveloped virus pyridinium; polycation; antimicrobial polymer; antiviral; enveloped virus
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xue, Y.; Xiao, H. Antibacterial/Antiviral Property and Mechanism of Dual-Functional Quaternized Pyridinium-type Copolymer. Polymers 2015, 7, 2290-2303.

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