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Polymers 2015, 7(10), 1918-1938; doi:10.3390/polym7101490

The Effect of Allylic Sulfide-Mediated IrreversibleAddition-Fragment Chain Transfer on the EmulsionPolymerization Kinetics of Styrene

Laboratory of Printing & Packaging Material and Technology, Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication,Daxing District, Beijing 102600, China
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Academic Editor: Thomas Junkers
Received: 28 February 2015 / Revised: 31 August 2015 / Accepted: 14 September 2015 / Published: 29 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Precision Polymer Synthesis)
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Abstract

The effect of the irreversible addition-fragment chain transfer agent, butyl(2-phenylallyl)sulfane (BPAS), on the course of the emulsion polymerization of styrene and on the product molecular weight was investigated. The emulsion polymerizations were performed using various amounts of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as the surfactant and potassium peroxodisulfate (KPS) as the initiator. The relationships between the rates of polymerization (\(R_{p} \)) and the number of particles per volume (\(N_{c} \)) with respect to the concentrations of KPS, SDS, and BPAS were found to be \(R_{p} \propto \left\lbrack KPS \right\rbrack^{0.29} \), \(N_{c} \propto \left\lbrack KPS \right\rbrack^{0.26} \),\(R_{p} \propto \left\lbrack SDS \right\rbrack^{0.68} \), \(N_{c} \propto \left\lbrack SDS \right\rbrack^{0.72} \), and \(R_{p} \propto \left\lbrack BPAS \right\rbrack^{- 0.73} \) . The obtained relationships can be attributed to the exit of the leaving group radicals on BPAS from the polymer particles. The experimental values of the average number of radicals per particle (\(\overset{\_}{n} \)) were strongly dependent on the BPAS concentration and were in good agreement with the theoretical values (\({\overset{\_}{n}}_{theo} \)) from model calculations. The number-average molecular weight (\(\overset{\_}{M_{n}} \)) can be controlled by BPAS over nearly the entire conversion range, which is also in agreement with the mathematical model. In addition, the transfer rate coefficient (\(k_{tr} \)) of BPAS can be estimated as 326 L/mol/s at 70 \(^\circ\)C. Moreover, similar good results were found for the tested redox reactions at 30 \(^\circ\)C. View Full-Text
Keywords: irreversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer; emulsion polymerization; styrene; molecular weight regulator irreversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer; emulsion polymerization; styrene; molecular weight regulator
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MDPI and ACS Style

An, L.; Di, Z.; Yu, B.; Pu, J.; Li, Z. The Effect of Allylic Sulfide-Mediated IrreversibleAddition-Fragment Chain Transfer on the EmulsionPolymerization Kinetics of Styrene. Polymers 2015, 7, 1918-1938.

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