Polymers 2014, 6(6), 1676-1684; doi:10.3390/polym6061676
Article

Laccase Functionalization of Flax and Coconut Fibers

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Received: 25 March 2014; in revised form: 20 May 2014 / Accepted: 26 May 2014 / Published: 30 May 2014
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Abstract: Natural fibers have gained much attention as reinforcing components in composite materials. Despite several interesting characteristics like low cost, low density, high specific properties and biodegradability they show poor compatibility with the polymer matrix. We have shown that it is possible to use a laccase from Trametes hirsuta as a biocatalyst to attach different types of functional phenolic molecules onto the fibers. A 5% incorporation of the functional molecules was achieved as measured via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in flax although it was lower in coconut fibers. In combination with different mediators it was possible to broaden the activation scope and graft hydrophobic molecules like dimer fatty amines. Among the different mediators tested 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HBT), 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-yloxy (TEMPO) and 2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS), TEMPO were the most effective achieving a 10% increase in carbon as measured by XPS.
Keywords: laccase; flax; coconut; dimer fatty amine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Acero, E.H.; Kudanga, T.; Ortner, A.; Kaluzna, I.; de Wildeman, S.; Nyanhongo, G.S.; Guebitz, G.M. Laccase Functionalization of Flax and Coconut Fibers. Polymers 2014, 6, 1676-1684.

AMA Style

Acero EH, Kudanga T, Ortner A, Kaluzna I, de Wildeman S, Nyanhongo GS, Guebitz GM. Laccase Functionalization of Flax and Coconut Fibers. Polymers. 2014; 6(6):1676-1684.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Acero, Enrique H.; Kudanga, Tukayi; Ortner, Andreas; Kaluzna, Iwona; de Wildeman, Stefaan; Nyanhongo, Gibson S.; Guebitz, Georg M. 2014. "Laccase Functionalization of Flax and Coconut Fibers." Polymers 6, no. 6: 1676-1684.


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