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Polymers 2014, 6(5), 1437-1488; doi:10.3390/polym6051437

RAFT Polymerization of Vinyl Esters: Synthesis and Applications

IMRCP, UMR CNRS 5623, Université de Toulouse, 118 route de Narbonne, F-31062 Toulouse, Cedex 9, France
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Received: 4 April 2014 / Revised: 6 May 2014 / Accepted: 9 May 2014 / Published: 20 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Controlled/Living Radical Polymerization)

Abstract

This article is the first comprehensive review on the study and use of vinyl ester monomers in reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. It covers all the synthetic aspects associated with the definition of precision polymers comprising poly(vinyl ester) building blocks, such as the choice of RAFT agent and reaction conditions in order to progress from simple to complex macromolecular architectures. Although vinyl acetate was by far the most studied monomer of the range, many vinyl esters have been considered in order to tune various polymer properties, in particular, solubility in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2). A special emphasis is given to novel poly(vinyl alkylate)s with enhanced solubilities in scCO2, with applications as reactive stabilizers for dispersion polymerization and macromolecular surfactants for CO2 media. Other miscellaneous uses of poly(vinyl ester)s synthesized by RAFT, for instance as a means to produce poly(vinyl alcohol) with controlled characteristics for use in the biomedical area, are also covered.
Keywords: reversible addition fragmentation transfer (RAFT); xanthate; dithiocarbamate; vinyl ester; poly(vinyl acetate); poly(vinyl alcohol); block copolymer; supercritical carbon dioxide reversible addition fragmentation transfer (RAFT); xanthate; dithiocarbamate; vinyl ester; poly(vinyl acetate); poly(vinyl alcohol); block copolymer; supercritical carbon dioxide
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Harrisson, S.; Liu, X.; Ollagnier, J.-N.; Coutelier, O.; Marty, J.-D.; Destarac, M. RAFT Polymerization of Vinyl Esters: Synthesis and Applications. Polymers 2014, 6, 1437-1488.

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