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Polymers 2012, 4(4), 1627-1644; doi:10.3390/polym4041627
Review

Novel Blend Membranes Based on Acid-Base Interactions for Fuel Cells

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Received: 20 August 2012; in revised form: 25 September 2012 / Accepted: 26 September 2012 / Published: 11 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymers for Fuel Cells & Solar Energy)
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Abstract: Fuel cells hold great promise for wide applications in portable, residential, and large-scale power supplies. For low temperature fuel cells, such as the proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), proton-exchange membranes (PEMs) are a key component determining the fuel cells performance. PEMs with high proton conductivity under anhydrous conditions can allow PEMFCs to be operated above 100 °C, enabling use of hydrogen fuels with high-CO contents and improving the electrocatalytic activity. PEMs with high proton conductivity and low methanol crossover are critical for lowering catalyst loadings at the cathode and improving the performance and long-term stability of DMFCs. This review provides a summary of a number of novel acid-base blend membranes consisting of an acidic polymer and a basic compound containing N-heterocycle groups, which are promising for PEMFCs and DMFCs.
Keywords: proton exchange membrane fuel cell; direct methanol fuel cell; proton conductivity; acid-base interaction; blend membrane proton exchange membrane fuel cell; direct methanol fuel cell; proton conductivity; acid-base interaction; blend membrane
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zuo, Z.; Fu, Y.; Manthiram, A. Novel Blend Membranes Based on Acid-Base Interactions for Fuel Cells. Polymers 2012, 4, 1627-1644.

AMA Style

Zuo Z, Fu Y, Manthiram A. Novel Blend Membranes Based on Acid-Base Interactions for Fuel Cells. Polymers. 2012; 4(4):1627-1644.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zuo, Zicheng; Fu, Yongzhu; Manthiram, Arumugam. 2012. "Novel Blend Membranes Based on Acid-Base Interactions for Fuel Cells." Polymers 4, no. 4: 1627-1644.


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