Degree of Branching in Hyperbranched Poly(glycerol-co-diacid)s Synthesized in Toluene
Abstract1H NMR and 13C NMR spectrometry (1-dimensional and 2-dimensional) have been used to assign chemical resonances and determine the degrees of branching for polyesters synthesized by the Lewis acid (dibutyltin(IV)oxide)-catalyzed polycondensation of glycerol with either succinic acid (n (aliphatic chain length) = 2), glutaric acid (n = 3) or azelaic acid (n = 7) in quasi-melt solutions with toluene. When 1:1 and 2:1 (diacid:glycerol) molar ratios were used, it was found that the glutaric acid-derived polymers gave the highest degree of polymer branching (31.2%, 85.6%, respectively) after the 24 h reaction period followed by the succinic acid-derived polymers (39.4%, 41.9%, respectively) and the azelaic acid-derived polymers (9.9%, 13.9%, respectively). Reactions performed at reflux for 24 h resulted in a 70.8% and 56.7% decrease in degree of branching for succinic acid and glutaric acid-derived polyesters, respectively. There is no indication that degree of branching is significantly affected by the presence or absence of solvent according to the results obtained in this research. View Full-Text
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Wyatt, V.T.; Strahan, G.D. Degree of Branching in Hyperbranched Poly(glycerol-co-diacid)s Synthesized in Toluene. Polymers 2012, 4, 396-407.
Wyatt VT, Strahan GD. Degree of Branching in Hyperbranched Poly(glycerol-co-diacid)s Synthesized in Toluene. Polymers. 2012; 4(1):396-407.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wyatt, Victor T.; Strahan, Gary D. 2012. "Degree of Branching in Hyperbranched Poly(glycerol-co-diacid)s Synthesized in Toluene." Polymers 4, no. 1: 396-407.