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Polymers 2012, 4(1), 396-407; doi:10.3390/polym4010396
Article

Degree of Branching in Hyperbranched Poly(glycerol-co-diacid)s Synthesized in Toluene

*  and
United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2012 / Revised: 28 January 2012 / Accepted: 31 January 2012 / Published: 6 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dendrimers and Hyperbranched Polymers)
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Abstract

1H NMR and 13C NMR spectrometry (1-dimensional and 2-dimensional) have been used to assign chemical resonances and determine the degrees of branching for polyesters synthesized by the Lewis acid (dibutyltin(IV)oxide)-catalyzed polycondensation of glycerol with either succinic acid (n (aliphatic chain length) = 2), glutaric acid (n = 3) or azelaic acid (n = 7) in quasi-melt solutions with toluene. When 1:1 and 2:1 (diacid:glycerol) molar ratios were used, it was found that the glutaric acid-derived polymers gave the highest degree of polymer branching (31.2%, 85.6%, respectively) after the 24 h reaction period followed by the succinic acid-derived polymers (39.4%, 41.9%, respectively) and the azelaic acid-derived polymers (9.9%, 13.9%, respectively). Reactions performed at reflux for 24 h resulted in a 70.8% and 56.7% decrease in degree of branching for succinic acid and glutaric acid-derived polyesters, respectively. There is no indication that degree of branching is significantly affected by the presence or absence of solvent according to the results obtained in this research.
Keywords: diacids; hyper-branching; glycerol; polymers diacids; hyper-branching; glycerol; polymers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Wyatt, V.T.; Strahan, G.D. Degree of Branching in Hyperbranched Poly(glycerol-co-diacid)s Synthesized in Toluene. Polymers 2012, 4, 396-407.

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