Polymers 2011, 3(1), 36-50; doi:10.3390/polym3010036
Article

Spontaneous Enhancement of Packing Regularity of Spherical Microdomains in the Body-Centered Cubic Lattice upon Uniaxial Stretching of Elastomeric Triblock Copolymers

1 Department of Biobased Materials Science, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan 2 Asahi-kasei Corporation, 1-1-2 Yurakucho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8440, Japan 3 Center for Fiber and Textile Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8585, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2010; in revised form: 14 December 2010 / Accepted: 22 December 2010 / Published: 27 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nano-Structures of Block Copolymers)
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Abstract: Block copolymers forming glassy spheres in the matrix of rubbery chains can exhibit elastomeric properties. It is well known that the spherical microdomains are arranged in the body-center cubic (bcc) lattice. However, recently, we have found packing in the face-centered cubic (fcc) lattice, which is easily transformed into the bcc lattice upon uniaxial stretching. In the same time, the packing regularity of the spheres in the bcc lattice was found to be enhanced for samples completely recovered from the stretched state. This reminds us that a cycle of stretching-and-releasing plays an important role from analogy of densification of the packing in granules upon shaking. In the current paper, we quantify the enhancement of packing regularity of spherical microdomains in the bcc lattice upon uniaxial stretching of the same elastomeric triblock copolymer as used in our previous work by conducting small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements using high brilliant synchrotron radiation. Isotropically circular rings of the lattice peaks observed for the unstretched sample turned into deformed ellipsoidal rings upon the uniaxial stretching, with sharpening of the peaks in the direction parallel to the stretching direction and almost disappearing of the peaks in the perpendicular direction. By quantitatively analyzing the SAXS results, it was found that the packing regularity of the spherical microdomains was enhanced in the parallel direction while it was spoiled in the perpendicular direction under the stretched state. The enhanced regularity of packing was unchanged even if the stretching load was completely removed.
Keywords: block copolymers; thermoplastic elastomer; small-angle X-ray scattering; synchrotron; spherical microdomain; uniaxial stretching; body-centered cubic lattice; face-centered cubic lattice; packing regularity; paracrystal model

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kota, T.; Imaizumi, K.; Sasaki, S.; Sakurai, S. Spontaneous Enhancement of Packing Regularity of Spherical Microdomains in the Body-Centered Cubic Lattice upon Uniaxial Stretching of Elastomeric Triblock Copolymers. Polymers 2011, 3, 36-50.

AMA Style

Kota T, Imaizumi K, Sasaki S, Sakurai S. Spontaneous Enhancement of Packing Regularity of Spherical Microdomains in the Body-Centered Cubic Lattice upon Uniaxial Stretching of Elastomeric Triblock Copolymers. Polymers. 2011; 3(1):36-50.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kota, Takuya; Imaizumi, Kimio; Sasaki, Sono; Sakurai, Shinichi. 2011. "Spontaneous Enhancement of Packing Regularity of Spherical Microdomains in the Body-Centered Cubic Lattice upon Uniaxial Stretching of Elastomeric Triblock Copolymers." Polymers 3, no. 1: 36-50.

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