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Polymers 2018, 10(9), 972; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10090972

Spinning Cellulose Hollow Fibers Using 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Acetate–Dimethylsulfoxide Co-Solvent

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway
2
SINTEF Industry, SINTEF AS, NO-7465 Trondheim, Norway
3
Beijing Key Laboratory of Ionic Liquids Clean Process, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 353, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 23 August 2018 / Accepted: 29 August 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hollow Fiber)
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Abstract

The mixture of the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (EmimAc) and dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) was employed to dissolve microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). A 10 wt % cellulose dope solution was prepared for spinning cellulose hollow fibers (CHFs) under a mild temperature of 50 °C by a dry–wet spinning method. The defect-free CHFs were obtained with an average diameter and thickness of 270 and 38 µm, respectively. Both the XRD and FTIR characterization confirmed that a crystalline structure transition from cellulose I (MCC) to cellulose II (regenerated CHFs) occurred during the cellulose dissolution in ionic liquids and spinning processes. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicated that regenerated CHFs presented a similar pyrolysis behavior with deacetylated cellulose acetate during pyrolysis process. This study provided a suitable way to directly fabricate hollow fiber carbon membranes using cellulose hollow fiber precursors spun from cellulose/(EmimAc + DMSO)/H2O ternary system. View Full-Text
Keywords: ionic liquids; cellulose; hollow fiber; spinning; viscosity ionic liquids; cellulose; hollow fiber; spinning; viscosity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lei, L.; Lindbråthen, A.; Sandru, M.; Gutierrez, M.T.G.; Zhang, X.; Hillestad, M.; He, X. Spinning Cellulose Hollow Fibers Using 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Acetate–Dimethylsulfoxide Co-Solvent. Polymers 2018, 10, 972.

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